Presentation on theme: "India – China SOL Review #3. River Valley Map Part 2: Indian Civilization 1.Physical barriers such as the HIMALAYAS, the Hindu KUSH, and the INDIAN Ocean."— Presentation transcript:
Part 2: Indian Civilization 1.Physical barriers such as the HIMALAYAS, the Hindu KUSH, and the INDIAN Ocean made invasion difficult. 2. Mountain passes, such as the KHYBER PASS, in the Hindu Kush provided invasion routes. 3. The INDUS and Ganges were the important rivers in the Indian subcontinent.
Part 2: Indian Civilization 4. The two major cities located in the Indus River valley were HARAPPA and MOHENJO-DARO. 5. Which group migrated and asserted their dominance over the local Indus River population? INDO-ARYANS
Part 2: Indian Civilization 6. What did the Aryans create that influenced all social interactions, choices of occupations, and limited your advancement in life? THE CASTE SYSTEM 7. The _________ __________is how people ranked in society and you cannot change where you are ranked in society (You are ____________ into your class). CASTE SYSTEMBORN
Part 2: Indian Civilization 8. Hinduism believed in many forms of _______ God. ONE 9. The rebirth of the soul is known as _______________. REINCARNATION 10. According to _______________, your actions (good or bad) will come back to you in this life or the next. KHARMA
Part 2: Indian Civilization 11. What determines if you’re a reborn into a higher caste in your next life? KHARMA 12. The ________________ and the _____________ were the scared writings of the Hindu religion. VEDASUPANISHADS 13. _________________ spread beyond India along major trade routes (Silk Road). HINDUISM
Part 2: Indian Civilization 14. Who was the founder of Buddhism? SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA 15. Someone would follow the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path in order to end ______________. SUFFERING
Part 2: Indian Civilization 18. The strongest emperor of the Mauryan Empire was ____________. ASOKA 19. What were four contributions of the Mauryan Empire? a. Spread of BUDDHISM b. FREE hospitals c. VETERINARY clinics d. good roads
Part 2: Indian Civilization 20. The Gupta Empire was known as the ________ _____ of classical Indian Culture. GOLDEN AGE 21. What were five contributions of the Gupta Empire? a. MATHEMATICS (concept of zero) b. MEDICAL ADVANCES (setting bones) c. ASTRONOMY(concept of a round earth) d. New Textiles e. Literature
Part 3: Chinese Civilization 1. Why was the Great Wall of China built by Qin Shi Huangdi? PROTECT CHINA FROM INVASION FROM NORTHERN NOMADIC TRIBES. 2. China was government by a succession of ruling families called _______________. DYNASTY
Part 3: Chinese Civilization 3. Chinese rulers were considered divine which means they are _____________________________. LIVING GOD ON EARTH 4. Define: Mandate of Heaven WHEN TIMES ARE GOOD GOD LOOKS FAVORABLY ON THE EMPEROR, WHEN TIMES ARE BAD THEY EMPEROR HAS LOST THE MANDATE AND HE MAY BE REPLACED
Part 3: Chinese Civilization 5. The ___________ Road helped __________ and contact between China and other cultures as far away as Rome. SILK ROADTRADE
Part 3: Chinese Civilization 6. List the contributions of classical China. a. CIVIL service system (hire people for government jobs based on TESTS AND SKILL) b. PAPER c. Porcelain d. SILK
Part 3: Chinese Civilization 7. Confucianism was concerned with SOCIAL order in China. a. Believed that humans are GOOD, not bad b. RESPECT for elders c. CODE of politeness d. EMPHASIS on education d. Ancestor WORSHIP.
Part 3: Chinese Civilization 8. Which way of thought promotes humility, simple life, inner peace, and harmony with nature? TAOISM 9. The yin and yang represented the ___________for Confucianism and Taoism. OPPOSITES 10. What is the most popular religion in China? BUDDHISM