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SPT: Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859). Gustave de Beaumont.

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Presentation on theme: "SPT: Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859). Gustave de Beaumont."— Presentation transcript:

1 SPT: Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859)

2 Gustave de Beaumont

3 French Liberalism in the 1820s: Centralisation and Atomisation Benjamin Constant Pierre Royer-CollardFrancois Guizot

4 Democracy in America I (1835)

5 Democracy is a gradual unfurling of equality in social conditions... a providential fact which reflects its principal characteristics: it is universal, it is lasting and it constantly eludes human interference.

6 What prevents the tyranny of the majority? 1.The distinction between political and administrative centralisation or central government and central administration. 2.Religion – pluralism and equality. 3. The role of civic assocations: If men are to remain civilised or the become so, the art of associating together must grow and improve in the same ratio in which the equality of conditions is increased.

7 Democracy in America II (1840) Democratic Despotism Self-interest rightly understood.

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