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Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and Work-Based Learning Dr Anita Walsh Senior Lecturer in Work-Based Learning

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Presentation on theme: "Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and Work-Based Learning Dr Anita Walsh Senior Lecturer in Work-Based Learning"— Presentation transcript:

1 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and Work-Based Learning Dr Anita Walsh Senior Lecturer in Work-Based Learning

2 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL What is the new WBL? Boud(2001): the programme followed derives from the needs of the workplace and the learner rather than being controlled or framed by the disciplinary or professional curriculum: work is the curriculum

3 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Context rather than content became the crucial originating and organizing concept (Portwood, 2007) From university perspective WBL is transdisciplinary – involves Mode 2 knowledge i.e. knowledge produced in context (Gibbons et al, 2000)

4 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Gibbons et al argue that Mode 2 knowledge cannot be judged by Mode 1 criteria (theory/application) because the knowledge involved is produced in context Boud (2001): transdisciplinarity is Being able to operate in knowledge environments in which disciplinary and professional knowledge is not dominant

5 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Lacking teachers and set curriculum frequently assumed that learning through work may be weak, ad hoc, concrete and incidental and therefore not higher level Here Billett (2002) highlights the perspective on WBL from within Mode 1 practice

6 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Traditionally academic credibility and quality of learning assured through the disciplines – primacy given to theoretical knowledge How quality assure other knowledges? Biggs: functioning, Eraut: performance, Jarvis: practical – knowing that/when/what/how and why =integrated knowledge

7 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Boud: assessing and awarding against explicit standards framework ensures appropriate achievement Both Framework for Higher Education Qualifications and academic credit framework are generic and outcomes focused – equivalence?

8 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Curriculum in WBL influenced by: Chaiklin and Lave (1996) situated activity Wenger (1998) communities of practice Dewey (1997) experiential learning Knowles (1984) andragogy

9 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Apple: the curriculum is never simply a neutral assembly of knowledge.. It is always part of a selective tradition, someones selection, some groups vision of legitimate knowledge In WBL power to select given to the learner/employer within a frame of non-negotiable elements relating to level/process etc

10 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL Need to reconcile three-party knowledge interests – those of learner, employer and university Changes focus for academics – facilitation, negotiation, support, guidance and challenge (skills commonly used in supervision?)

11 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL WBL has practical focus. Issues for academics: the place of theory and critical reflection in an instrumentally driven programme and the place of generic versus context- specific learning Is ongoing debate relating to emerging practice.

12 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL References: Biggs, J. (2001) Teaching for Quality Learning at University Billett, S. (2002) Critiquing workplace learning discourses : Participation and continuity at work in Studies in the Education of Adults Volume 34(1) pp 56-66 Boud, D. and Solomon, N. (Eds) (2001) Work-Based Learning : A New Higher Education? SRHE and Open University Press, Buckingham Chaiklin, S. and Lave, J. (eds) (1996) Understanding Practice : Perspectives on activity and context. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Dewey, J. (1997) Experience and Education Touchstone, New York Eraut, M. (2007) Developing Professional Knowledge and Competence RoutledgeFalmer, Abingdon

13 Graduateness, Transdisciplinarity and WBL References (contd) Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S. and Scott, P. (Eds) (2000) The New Production of Knowledge : The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies Sage Publications, London Jarvis, P. (1999) The Practitioner-Researcher : Developing Theory from Practice Jossey Bass, San Francisco Knowles, M.S. and Associates (1984) Andragogy in Action : Applying Modern Principles of Adult Learning Jossey Bass, San Francisco Portwood, D. (2001) Towards an epistemology of Work-Based Learning : eliciting clues from Work-Based Learning Projects in Work-Based Learning Futures D. Young and J. Garnett (Eds) University Vocational Awards Council, Bolton Wenger, E. (1998) Communities of Practice : Learning, Meaning and Identity Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

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