Antebellum – refers to the time period before the Civil War. Books that help portray life in the Antebellum period: Gone With the Wind – Margaret Mitchell Uncle Ramus and Brer Rabbit – Joel Chandler Harris
King Cotton – the idea that cotton controlled every aspect of Southern Life during the Antebellum period. Cotton Ruled the South.
Piedmont – most of Georgia’s cotton was produced in the Piedmont region.
Life on a Plantation Planters – people who owned the farm. Overseers – People put in charge of the plantation in place of the planter. Driver – a loyal slave who keeps other slaves in line. Slaves – people who do most of the manual labor.
Southern Social Class Planters – owned plantations and multiple slaves. Controlled society. Yeomen Farmers – Owned less than 100 acres. Few or no slaves. Poor Whites – owned little land. Slaves – worked in the service of others Slaves and Poor Whites Yeomen Farmers Planters
SECTIONALISM – the belief that the way of life in your region of the country is better or more important than in other parts of the country.
SOUTHNORTH Relied on Agriculture. Most people worked long hours on farms. This included poor whites and slaves. Relied on industry such as factories, mines, banks, and railroads. Most people worked long hours for little pay
Tariff – a tax on imported items. Northerners – supported tariffs Southerners – opposed tariffs This is because Southerners would be forced to buy items from the North.
Nullification – Southerners believed that every state was SOVEREIGN and that STATES’ RIGHTS were important so they tried to NULLIFY laws that required them to pay tariffs. Many discussed SECESSION
BALANCE OF POWERS: There was an equal number of slaves states and free states. This prevented any laws dealing with slavery from passing. But how do we admit new states?
Missouri Compromise – states must enter the Union in pairs. Missouri entered the Union as a slave state Maine entered the Union as a free state.
Compromise of 1850 Gold discovered in California. California enters the Union as a free state. Texas enters the Union as a slave state.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Created Kansas and Nebraska Decided to use POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY. People in each state voted on the slavery issue. Bleeding Kansas – people from North and South moved to Kansas and fought over slavery.
Georgia Platform The General Assembly issued a statement saying that they put the “ideas” of the Constitution above the well-being of the whole country.
Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott was a slave who sued his master to keep his freedom. Supreme Court said slaves are property and have no right to sue. Dred Scott stayed a slave.
Famous Abolitionists Harriet Beecher Stowe – wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin Frederick Douglas – wrote an autobiography and edited The North Star Sojourner Truth – fought for women’s rights and slaves rights.