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Chapter 11 Personal Health and Consumer Choices Lesson 1 Healthy Teeth, Skin, Hair, and Nails Next >> Click for: >> Main Menu >> Chapter 11 Assessment Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.
fluoride A chemical that helps prevent tooth decay A thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth and leads to tooth decay plaque Hardened plaque that hurts gum health tartar Tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape pores
dermis The skin’s inner layer The outermost layer of skin epidermis Small sacs in the dermis from which hair grows hair follicles
ultraviolet (UV) rays An invisible form of radiation that can enter the skin cells and change their structure The substance that gives skin its color melanin A skin condition caused by active oil glands that clog hair follicles acne A condition that results when too many dead skin cells flake off the outer layer of the scalp dandruff
In this lesson, you will be able to explain how to keep your teeth and gums healthy. describe ways to clean and protect your skin. identify how to care for your hair and nails.
Organizing Information As you read this lesson, write down the functions of each body part discussed. Body PartFunction
Healthy Teeth You need teeth and gums for the following reasons: To chew your food so you can easily digest it. To speak clearly. To have a great looking smile.
Healthy Teeth Each tooth has a root that goes into the jawbone. Roots are surrounded by pink flesh called gums. The top part of the tooth is the crown, which is covered with a layer with a hard, glossy, white enamel.
Healthy Teeth To help keep your teeth and gums healthy: Eat fruits, vegetables, and calcium-rich foods such as milk and yogurt. Limit sugary foods and soft drinks. Brush and floss often.
Tooth Care Brush after every meal (or at least twice a day) Brush your teeth with toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Rinse your mouth with warm water or with mouthwash. Use toothpaste or mouthwash that contains fluoride. fluoride A chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
Tooth Decay Plaque causes tartar. plaque A thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth and leads to tooth decay tartar Hardened plaque that hurts gum health
Brush the outer surfaces of your upper and lower teeth. Use a combination of up and down strokes and small circular or side- to side strokes. Thoroughly brush all chewing surfaces with a soft-bristle brush to protect your gums. Brush the inside surfaces of your upper and lower teeth. Brush your tongue and rinse your mouth. How to Brush
Take about 18 inches of floss and wrap each end around the middle finger of each hand. Grip the floss firmly between your thumb and forefinger. Slide the floss back and forth between teeth toward the gum line until it touches the gum line. Curve the floss in a C shape around the sides of each tooth. Keep sliding the floss back and forth gently as you move it up and down. Do the same for all your teeth, using a clean section of floss for each tooth. Then rinse. How to Floss
Healthy Skin You body’s largest is organ is your skin. Skin gives you a sense of touch and of temperature. Skin is your first line of defense against infection. Skin gets rid of water and salts through perspiration. Blood vessels in your skin allow your body to control its temperature. Skin uses energy from sunlight to make vitamin D.
Healthy Skin Parts of the skin include: Pores The dermis pores Tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape dermis The skin’s inner layer
Healthy Skin Parts of the skin include: Epidermis Hair Follicles epidermis The outermost layer of skin hair follicles Small sacs in the dermis from which hair grows
Healthy Skin Parts of the skin include: Oil gland Sweat gland Blood vessel Nerve ending Subcutaneous layer
Skin Care Take a bath or shower every day. Moisturize dry skin with lotion. Limit time spent in the sun. Avoid tattoos and piercing.
Sun Damage Sun burn happens when ultraviolet (UV) rays damage skin cells. ultraviolet (UV) rays An invisible form of radiation that can enter skin cells and change their structure UV rays wrinkle your skin and, over time, put you at risk for developing skin cancer.
Sun Damage Melanin can block some, but not all, UV rays from reaching the lower layers of skin. melanin The substance that gives skin its color Tanning beds also give off UV rays and can damage the skin, which can lead to skin cancer.
Acne Acne is a problem experienced by many teens and some adults. acne A skin condition caused by active oil glands that clog hair follicles If you get acne, don’t pick at it or try to pop the clogged pores.
Healthy Hair and Hair Care Hair grows from hair follicles in the scalp. The scalp is the skin beneath the hair on your head. Your hair contains a protein called keratin, which gives your hair strength and allows it to bend without breaking.
Healthy Hair and Hair Care Brushing your hair daily removes dirt from your hairs and scalp and spreads oils throughout your hair. Wash your hair with shampoo to clean away dirt and extra oil.
Hair and Scalp Problems Two common hair and scalp problems are: Dandruff Head lice dandruff A condition that results when too many dead skin cells flake off the outer layer of the scalp
Hair and Scalp Problems Nails protect your sensitive fingertips and the tips of your toes. Wash your nails and hands regularly. Use hand lotion to keep nails and skin moist. Clip your nails to keep them trim and neat. Use a nail file to smooth any rough edges on your nails. Don’t bite, tear, or pick at your nails.
Hair and Scalp Problems Cuticles are thin layers of skin-like tissue at the base of each nail. Protect your cuticles by wearing gloves if you handle strong chemicals or use your hands for rough work.
What I Learned Describe Name two healthful behaviors that keep your teeth and gums healthy. Lesson 1 Review
What I Learned Give Examples Describe three functions of the skin. Lesson 1 Review
What I Learned Vocabulary Define dandruff. Describe how to treat it. Lesson 1 Review
What I Learned Identify What are ultraviolet rays? Lesson 1 Review
Thinking Critically Analyze How can the foods you eat affect the health of your teeth and gums? Lesson 1 Review
Thinking Critically Apply Rico will be helping his father build a fence this weekend. How can he protect his nails and skin while doing the rough work outside? Lesson 1 Review
Chapter 11 Personal Health and Consumer Choices Lesson 1 Healthy Teeth, Skin, Hair, and Nails Click for: End of >> Main Menu >> Chapter 11 Assessment