Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Welcome to the Information Sharing Workshop

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the Information Sharing Workshop"— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to the Information Sharing Workshop
NIGB would like to thank County Durham and Tees Valley Information Governance Leads Group who allowed us to adapt this workshop from their original workshop materials

2 National Information Governance Board
Main Office Number Speakers

3 Today is About… …Sharing Information: Safely Legally and

4 What is Information Governance?
Information Governance (IG) is the overall framework of policies, procedures, standards and responsibilities for managing an organisation’s information assets. It covers all information in all formats (manual & electronic). Main areas of Information Governance: Managing information governance Information/ records management Information Quality assurance Information Security Legal compliance Codes of Practice FOI Act 2000

5 What are the Standards? Information Quality Assurance
Codes of Practice Information Security Assurance IG Toolkit Records Management Care Record Guarantees Local Policies Caldicott Report

6 Why is IG Important? helps all staff to manage information
helps to ensure all staff comply with the law helps staff to share information across organisations can help to improve decision making To meet obligations and responsibilities

7 So….. IG ensures personal information is dealt with legally, securely, ethically, efficiently and effectively and we can ensure the confidence of the individual

8 The Legal Context The Data Protection Act 1998
The Human Rights Act 1998 The Health and Social Care Act 2008 Common Law of Confidentiality Administrative Law FOI Act 2000 Other Legislation e.g. Children Act, Mental Capacity Act, Gender recognition Act, Adoption Act.

9 A Duty of Confidence A duty of confidence arises when one person discloses information to another (e.g. individual to clinician, client to social worker) in circumstances where it is reasonable to expect that the information will be held in confidence or where it is obvious the information is confidential in nature. The duty of confidence - Is a legal obligation derived from case-law. Is a requirement within professional codes of conduct. Is included within many employment contracts as a specific requirement linked to disciplinary procedures.

10 The Confidentiality Model
PROTECT IMPROVE Protect - look after the patient’s information Inform - ensure that patients are aware of how their information is to be used Provide choice - allow patients to decide whether their information can be disclosed in particular ways to support these three requirements, there is a fourth: Improve - always look for better ways to protect, inform and provide choice INFORM PROVIDE CHOICE

11 An individuals information
PROTECT Procedures to ensure that all staff, contractors and volunteers are fully aware of responsibilities regarding confidentiality Recording an individuals information accurately and consistently Keeping information physically secure Maintaining confidentiality Disclosing and using information with appropriate care Duty of confidentiality arises out of common law, professional obligations and employment contracts. Voluntary staff must sign agreement. Maintaining proper records is vital to individual care Record keeping best practice - factual, consistent and accurate - relevant and useful Not gossiping Taking care when discussing cases in public places Both manual and electronic records Follow info sharing protocols; Identify enquirers so share only with right people; apply standards re faxes, s and mail; share minimum necessary to provide safe care or satisfy other purposes - follow Caldicott principles.

12 Service Users Effectively No Surprises!
Inform Service Users Effectively No Surprises! Check (where practicable) that leaflets or other guidance on confidentiality has been understood Make clear to individuals when information is recorded or service records accessed Make clear to service users when information may be disclosed to others Every NHS org should have posters and leaflets - both receptionists and clinicians should check. ‘Let me make a note in your file’ or ‘I am just taking a note of your blood pressure’. Should occur as natural part of communication. ‘I am writing to the consultant to let them know….’ or with electronic records ‘The hospital specialist is able to view your health records to understand your medical history….’ or ‘I will tell Social Services about your dietary needs to help them arrange meals on wheels….’

13 Service Users Effectively No Surprises!
Inform Service Users Effectively No Surprises! Check that individuals have no concerns about how their information is disclosed and used Answer any queries personally or direct to those who can answer Respect the rights of individuals and help them exercise their right to access their service record If information is particularly sensitive staff should be explicit about what is recorded and check that individual is happy with that information being shared. It is better to address concerns immediately but if necessary refer to better source of information. (use PALS?) Patients have a right to see their records under the Data Protection Act.

14 Provide Choice Provide Choice
Ask the individual before using personal information in ways that do not contribute directly to, or support, the purpose Respect the individuals decisions to restrict disclosure or use of information, except in exceptional circumstances Communicate effectively with service users to ensure they understand the implications of non-disclosure Where info is required but does not meet tests of necessity and appropriateness, anonymise info. Otherwise obtain consent. If not possible to restrict info without compromising care discuss with individual. Patients choice ultimately to be respected. Ensure records are kept of care provided and restrictions placed on disclosing by patients. Show that individual safety nor clinical responsibility has been neglected. In order to make valid choices patients must know what options are, but also the consequences of those choices. If patients make a choice which compromises provision of high quality care, this should be documented within record. Patients should be aware they can change their mind later.

15 It is not possible to achieve best practice overnight. Staff must:
Improve Wherever Possible It is not possible to achieve best practice overnight. Staff must: Be aware of the issues surrounding confidentiality and seek training or support where uncertain in order to deal with them appropriately Report possible breaches or risk of breaches Ignorance is no excuse. Work within the spirit of this code and any locally produced guidelines, protocols and procedures Report breaches or near misses to senior staff or Info Governance lead. What is your incident reporting procedure? Specific legislation to protect whistleblowers. Professional staff may contact professional bodies for guidance.

16 Death of Baby Peter In August 2007 Baby Peter died of horrific injuries inflicted by his carers He had suffered over 50 injuries despite receiving 60 visits from social workers, doctors and the police over an 8 month period Laming enquiry criticised failings in information sharing between agencies, the poor training and support given to “over-stretched” front-line staff and the red tape “hampering” social workers

17 What Guidance is Available
National information sharing guidance produced by Children’s Services including information sharing pocket guide and dvd Every Child Matters reforms 2004 – 2008 new guidance was issued to reflect current policy for practitioners working with both adults and children’s services Information Sharing Protocols Social Care Record Guarantee, NHS Care Record Guarantee National Information Governance Board (NIGB) Recognise that a difference of culture may exist with the agencies you wish to share information with and work to removing barriers where there is a legitimate legal reason for sharing.

18 What does this mean? Where possible we should respect the wishes of individuals who do not consent to share confidential information. You may still share information, if in your judgement on the facts of the case, there is sufficient need to override the lack of consent Seek advice when in doubt, especially where your doubt relates to a concern about possible significant harm to a child, vulnerable adult or serious harm to others You should ensure that the information you share is: Accurate and up-to-date (historical information maybe relevant too) Necessary for the purpose for which you are sharing it Shared only with those people who need to see it Shared securely Always record the reasons for your decisions – whether it is to share information or not

19 Valid Consent In Health consent can be implied or explicit, in Social Care it is always explicit but for both it needs to be Informed Understood - The service user needs to have capacity to understand Freely given

20 Implied Consent Consent not expressly given:
Often consent is assumed for sharing information with colleagues within the organisation, particularly in Health. i.e. a individual sees a nurse for a test, it is assumed that the individual will consent for the results to be shared with the treating doctor. In Social Care sharing with other departments in the Local Authority would require explicit consent for another purpose. i.e. to share with housing Sharing information between health care colleagues in different organisations e.g. ambulance crews to A & E staff.

21 Explicit or Informed Consent
Agreement to sharing should be recorded the individual should be made aware of: - What information is to be shared What is the purpose of sharing it Who it is to be shared with How the information will be protected Whether it may be further shared That they have the right to refuse (if they do) The consequences of refusal and agreement to consent

22 How do we obtain consent
Consent should be sought at the earliest opportunity Consent should be recorded using the relevant Consent or Permission to Share form and signed by both the social work professional and the individual or their representative. In Heath this should be recorded in the individual notes Clear explanation should be given to the individual on what they are consenting to and for how long It should be made clear that consent can be withdrawn at any time but we will share when there is a legal requirement to do so An individual should understand that if they withdraw their consent this may affect the service we can provide to them Revisiting consent – at least annually or when a new event happens

23 Children and competence to Consent
Children and young people 16 assumed to be competent Under 16 competent if they have the capacity to understand and take own decisions Otherwise consent from whoever has parental responsibility Changes at 16 onus of proof shifts from being on the child to being on the person wanting to assert lack of capacity.

24 Adult Capacity to Consent
Adult unable to give consent? Take into account the views of relatives or carer’s Respect any previously expressed wishes Mental Capacity Act (MCA) Adults lacking capacity may have an advocate Provision under MCA for proxy consent via LPA or Court appointed deputy Ultimately, the professional must act in the individual’s best interests Record the decision and the reasons for it Mention Mental Capacity Act 2005 – In force February 2007.

25 Consent - Summary Ensure the child/adult has the necessary capacity to understand what they are consenting to and seek advice if unsure Record what information will be shared and with whom (always record reasons for sharing without consent) It is the individuals choice to refuse consent, alter arrangements or withdraw consent at a later stage Explain what the consequences are of withdrawing consent and where it may be shared anyway Need only one parent, with parental responsibility, to give consent - ‘Fraser’ (judgement Gillick) competent’ children under 16 also have rights of confidentiality

26 Consent The sharing of information should be controlled and justified
Remember – the consequences of NOT sharing information with other agencies could be far worse than inappropriate sharing There are some circumstances in which sharing confidential information without consent will normally be justified in the public interest: When there is evidence that the child/vulnerable adult is suffering or is at risk of suffering harm; or Where there is reasonable cause to believe that a child may be suffering or at risk of significant harm; or To prevent significant harm arising to children/vulnerable adult including through the prevention, detection and prosecution of serious crime

27 So what if they say no Consider Public Interest justification before seeking consent which could affect approach to consent. I.e. need to provide the information but would prefer to disclose with their agreement. Give an opportunity for them to state their case for non-disclosure. May not be appropriate if there is risk to staff or others.

28 Understanding Consequences
Explain consequences of agreeing to consent Explain consequences of refusing consent i.e. limiting Services – housing etc.

29 So, what if they say No? If the individual is competent to make the decision and they fully understand the consequences of the decision for care or treatment: Understand their reasons and see if they can be satisfied Can care be provided in different way? (Must be practical) Balance the risks – consider ‘public interest’ – you may need to share anyway… Harm to self Harm or risk to others Mental Capacity Act 2005.

30 What if they say “Yes”… and then change their mind!
Even Worse! What if they say “Yes”… and then change their mind!

Q: Can I still disclose if they don’t consent? “There must never be another tragic case where a child suffers as a result of professionals not sharing what they know.” Margaret Hodge “…in every judgment they make, staff have to balance the right of a parent with that of the protection of the child.” Lord Laming, The Victoria Climbié Inquiry Should not be sharing without an explicit reason Only justified if the purpose of the sharing is clearly in the best interests of the data subject Practitioners must be able to state the purpose of the request for information. This can be expressed in general terms, but needs to relate to the welfare of the data subject. The gathering/ documentation of evidence may call for some thought and judgement, but should not be used as a barrier to information sharing.

Q: Can I still disclose if they don’t consent? Failure to share information appropriately can be a serious breach of care Sharing without consent may be necessary and appropriate under some circumstances: When a child is believed to be at serious risk of harm When there is evidence of serious public harm or risk to others or and individual For the prevention, detection or prosecution of serious crime When instructed to do so by a court Should not be sharing without an explicit reason Only justified if the purpose of the sharing is clearly in the best interests of the data subject Practitioners must be able to state the purpose of the request for information. This can be expressed in general terms, but needs to relate to the welfare of the data subject. The gathering/ documentation of evidence may call for some thought and judgement, but should not be used as a barrier to information sharing.

33 Proportionality The proposed disclosure should be proportionate to the need to protect the child’s/vulnerable adult’s welfare The amount of information disclosed and the number of people to whom it is disclosed should be no more than is necessary to meet the public interest in protecting the health and wellbeing of the child/vulnerable adult

34 When in Doubt Consult a Manager/Caldicott Guardian or Data Protection/Information Governance Officer Obtain advice from legal services if appropriate Record reasons why a decision was made to: Override the requirement to seek consent Share information without consent

35 Questions To Ask Before Sharing Information…with anyone, about anyone
What are the reasons for sharing? Is there sufficient ‘need to know’? Is the request proportionate? Is the information up to date/accurate? Will there be secondary disclosure? Do I need consent? Have I got consent? Can I still disclose if they don’t consent – is there another justification? Have I recorded the sharing? Am I sharing securely? Secure means that all reasonable steps have been taken to prevent the information being passed to someone that does not have the right to it. VERBALLY BY POST By By FAX

36 New Technology The NHS NPfIT Programme National Records
Electronic Common Assessment systems Use of NHS mail to share information for multi-agency teams With new systems the ability to share information will become easier. We will be dependant on other peoples information being accurate and many decisions about peoples lives will be based on the information that we share and crucially on what we don’t share.

37 Impact of Technology on Data Protection
Whose record is it if more than one individual contributes to the record – multi agency teams How will we handle pre adoption information electronically Subject Access Rights Third Party information Mother’s information in Children’s records Seriously harmful data Case recording

38 Records Management More professional More factual
Meet the Data Protection requirements Mental Capacity Act 2005 Freedom of Information 2000 Share a common language Recording Consent – Reasons and Fact Keeping Secure

39 Recording Facts and opinions Example
Undiagnosed mental illness? Appeared to be unwashed and dishevelled Error correction, or if the individual disagrees (Guidance)

40 Why do we Need an Information Sharing Protocol ?
So everyone knows the rules and has clear guidance on how, where, when and with whom. Protects the subject, the staff and the organisation Is not instead of consent Example Care Homes – expectations of those we share information with

41 Information Sharing Protocols
What data do we want to share? With whom do we want to share it? Why do we want to share it? How can we justify sharing it? How do we comply with the law? These guidelines should be followed when sharing information within organizations as well as when sharing information with other agencies. Finding positive answers to the questions will enable information sharing based on solid reasoning, rather than finding reasons not to share. Pro-active Framework

42 Using the Three Tier Model at local level
Principles we will all work to contained in the high level protocol Tier 2 Purpose for Sharing Information e.g Care of Adults Example of a local protocol – Child Protection – Single Assessment Process – Sure start Process of how we will share the information in the Service Level Information Sharing protocol Tier 3

43 The Protocol should describe
How we comply with the Law Why we need to share the information How we justify sharing the information What information we want to share With whom we will share the information How we will protect the information Data Protection Act, Human Rights, Common Law of Confidentiality, Mental Capacity Act 2005 etc

44 How We Comply With The Law
How we restrict access to the information -consent Who needs to know, how much What security will protect it How long it will be kept for What format will it be in When it can be destroyed or Archived Subject Access rights Data Quality Hiding behind legislation and red tape!!! Access by staff to information, Cannot do the job without the information access Paper locked away, Policies for passwords, Safe Haven Faxes, subject access requests, Records Management etc Record keeping, retention and destruction

45 Why we need to share information
To enable early intervention to help children and vulnerable adults to achieve positive outcomes To enable professionals to feel confident in making good effective information sharing decisions To prevent death or serious harm being caused to vulnerable children and adults as a result of failing to: record information share it understand the significance of the information shared take appropriate action in relation to known or suspected abuse or neglect Common Assessment Framework, Single Assessment Process

46 Breakout Objectives A more informed understanding about why information should be shared, when and with whom. Clarification of the legal and ethical issues that surround information sharing. A toolkit to support information sharing

47 Breakout Objectives Increased awareness of partner agencies and their responsibilities and concerns in relation to information sharing. Strategies for disseminating these ideas to others in your organisations. Impact of new technology on information sharing.

48 Delegate Objective Clarification on safe, legal and confidential ways to send information via computer To get a more informed understanding about sharing information To link/network with other delegates with the same remit as myself To widen my knowledge of the subject area To explore issues/dilemmas/barriers with other professionals

49 Group Work One Raising the issues –
What Will Happen if we Do Share Information? What Could Happen if we Don’t Share Information?

50 You have 30 minutes to complete this exercise
Instructions Choose 1 of the 3 scenarios on the table As instructed by your facilitator each person takes a card Beginning with the oldest date each person decides who they would or would not share the information with, they then read the card to the group Debate in your groups whether or not having all of the information would change any decisions made You have 30 minutes to complete this exercise

51 Group Work Two Deciding What to Share - Would We? - Could We?
- Should We?

52 Instructions Pick a scenario card, work through as many scenarios as you have time for Discuss and decide if you would share the information Discuss and decide if you could share the information Discuss and decide if you should share the information (You have 30 minutes to complete this exercise)

53 Feedback from Tables and any questions
Each group chooses one question to ask the panel of experts arising out of the discussions Complete the evaluation form

Download ppt "Welcome to the Information Sharing Workshop"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google