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Steve Lloyd Tony Doyle GridPP Presentation to PPARC e-Science Committee 31 May 2001.

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Presentation on theme: "Steve Lloyd Tony Doyle GridPP Presentation to PPARC e-Science Committee 31 May 2001."— Presentation transcript:

1 Steve Lloyd Tony Doyle GridPP Presentation to PPARC e-Science Committee 31 May 2001

2 e-Science Presentation
GridPP History Collaboration formed by all UK PP Experimental Groups in 1999 to submit £5.9M JIF bid for Prototype Tier-1 centre at RAL (later withdrawn) Added some Tier-2 support to become part of PPARC LTSR - “The LHC Computing Challenge”  Input to SR2000 Formed GridPP in Dec 2000 included CERN, CLRC and UK PP Theory Groups From Jan 2001 handling PPARC’s commitment to EU DataGrid UK GridPP e-Science Presentation

3 e-Science Presentation
Physics Drivers Addresses one of PPARC's highest priority Science programmes. LHC Experiments are the key to understanding the origins of Mass (Higgs?), Supersymmetry, CP Violation, Quark gluon plasma and possible new phenomena e.g. extra dimensions Maximise return from substantial UK investment in LHC Detectors GridPP e-Science Presentation

4 The LHC Computing Challenge
The problem is Huge: Total data/year from one experiment ~ 1 to 8 PB (Petabytes = 1015 Bytes) Estimate total requirement to be ~ 8M SI-95 of CPU Power ( 200,000 1 GHz PCs) ~ 28 PB of 'Tape' storage ~ 10 PB of disk storage The problem is Complex: > 108 electronic channels are read out each event The LHC will produce 8x108 pp interactions per second The Higgs to  rate for example is expected to be 2x10-4 per second A 2x10-4 needle in a 8x108 haystack Distributed Solution to maximise use of facilities and resources worldwide GridPP e-Science Presentation

5 e-Science Presentation
LHC Computing Model Uni x Lab m USA Brookhaven Uni a UK Lab a USA FermiLab France Tier 1 CERN Uni n Tier2 Physics Department Italy ………. Desktop NL Germany Lab b Lab c Uni y Uni b GridPP e-Science Presentation

6 Proposal Executive Summary
£40M 3-Year Programme LHC Computing Challenge = Grid Technology Five Components: Foundation Production Middleware Exploitation Value-added Exploitation Emphasis on Grid Services and Core Middleware UK computing strength within CERN Integrated with EU DataGrid, PPDG and GriPhyN Facilities at CERN, RAL and up to four UK Tier-2 sites Centres = Dissemination LHC developments integrated into current programme (BaBar, CDF, D0, ...) Robust Management Structure Deliverables in March 2002, 2003, 2004 GridPP e-Science Presentation

7 GridPP Component Model
Value-added Component 5: Value-Added Full exploitation of Grid potential for Particle Physics £25.9M Exploitation Component 4: Exploitation The applications necessary to deliver Grid based Particle Physics £21.0M Middleware Component 3: Middleware Connecting the Foundation and the Production environments to create a functional Grid £17.0M Production Component 2: Production Built on Foundation to provide an environment for experiments to use £12.7M Foundation Component 1: Foundation The key infrastructure at CERN and within the UK £8.5M GridPP e-Science Presentation

8 e-Science Presentation
Major Deliverables Prototype I - March 2002 Performance and scalability testing of components Testing of the job scheduling and data replication software from the first DataGrid release. Prototype II - March 2003 Prototyping of the integrated local computing fabric, with emphasis on scaling, reliability and resilience to errors. Performance testing of LHC applications. Distributed HEP and other science application models using the second DataGrid release. Prototype III - March 2004 Full scale testing of the LHC computing model with fabric management and Grid management software for Tier-0 and Tier-1 centres, with some Tier-2 components. GridPP e-Science Presentation

9 e-Science Presentation
Financial Summary Components 1-4: PPARC External Funds UK Staff £10.7M £5.9M (EPSRC?) UK Capital £3.2M £4.5M (SRIF?) CERN Staff £5.7M CERN Capital £1.4M Total £21.0M £10.3M Computing Science LHC Tier-0 Up to 4 Tier-2 LHC Tier-1/BaBar Tier A GridPP e-Science Presentation

10 e-Science Presentation
GridPP Organisation Hardware development organised around a number Regional Centres Likely Tier-2 Regional Centres Focus for Dissemination and Collaboration with other disciplines and Industry Clear mapping onto Core Regional e-Science Centres Software development organised around a number of Workgroups GridPP e-Science Presentation

11 e-Science Presentation
GridPP Workgroups Technical work broken down into several workgroups - broad overlap with EU DataGrid A - Workload Management Provision of software that schedule application processing requests amongst resources F - Networking Network fabric provision through to integration of network services into middleware B - Information Services and Data Management Provision of software tools to provide flexible transparent and reliable access to the data G - Prototype Grid Implementation of a UK Grid prototype tying together new and existing facilities H - Software Support Provide services to enable the development, testing and deployment of middleware and applications at institutes C - Monitoring Services All aspects of monitoring Grid services D - Fabric Management and Mass Storage Integration of heterogeneous resources into common Grid framework I - Experimental Objectives Responsible for ensuring development of GridPP is driven by needs of UK PP experiments E - Security Security mechanisms from Certification Authorities to low level components J - Dissemination Ensure good dissemination of developments arising from GridPP into other communities and vice versa GridPP e-Science Presentation

12 e-Science Presentation
GridPP and CERN For UK to exploit LHC to the full: Requires substantial investment at CERN to support LHC computing. UK involvement through GridPP will boost CERN investment in key areas: Fabric management software Grid security Grid data management Networking Adaptation of physics applications Computer Centre fabric (Tier-0) GridPP e-Science Presentation

13 e-Science Presentation
GridPP and CERN This investment will: Allow operation of a production quality prototype of the distributed model prior to acquisition of final LHC configuration Train staff for management and operation of distributed computing centres Provide excellent training ground for young people Enable the technology to be re-used by other sciences and industry GridPP e-Science Presentation

14 e-Science Presentation
Staff at CERN Proposal is that staff are hired by UK Universities or Laboratories and sent on long-term mission to CERN. Employed as CERN associates in IT Division Integrated part of the CERN LHC activity Staff assigned to CERN teams with operational and development responsibilities Each team responsible for LHC development and prototyping as well as for operating current services Developers need hands-on operational experience Ensures that CERN experience is fully utilised Formal LHC Computing Project structure being defined, to ensure overseeing role by funding bodies – to be agreed with CERN Council GridPP e-Science Presentation

15 e-Science Presentation
Hardware at CERN GridPP e-Science Presentation

16 GridPP Management Structure
e-Science Presentation

17 Management Status The Collaboration Board (CB)
The governing body of the project - consists of Group Leaders of all Institutes - established and Collaboration Board Chair elected The Peer Review Selection Committee (PRSC) Pending approval of Project The Project Management Board (PMB) The Executive board chaired by Project Leader - Project Leader being appointed. Shadow Board in operation The Dissemination Board (DB) Pending approval of Project The Technical Board (TB) The main working forum chaired by the Technical Board Chair - interim task force in place The Experiments Board (EB) The forum for experimental input into the project - nominations from experiments underway GridPP e-Science Presentation

18 e-Science Presentation
Information Flow GridPP e-Science Presentation

19 Meetings Schedule Yearly Reporting to PPARC? Quarterly Reporting to EU
GridPP e-Science Presentation

20 GridPP Collaboration Meeting
1st GridPP Collaboration Meeting - Coseners House - May 24/ GridPP e-Science Presentation

21 e-Science Presentation
UK Strengths Wish to build on UK strengths - Information Services Networking - world leaders in monitoring Security Mass storage UK Major Grid Leadership roles - Lead DataGrid Architecture Task Force (Steve Fisher) Lead DataGrid WP3 Information Services (Robin Middleton) Lead DataGrid WP5 Mass Storage (John Gordon) ATLAS Software Coordinator (Norman McCubbin) LHCb Grid Coordinator (Frank Harris) Strong UK Collaboration with Globus Globus people gave 2 day tutorial at RAL to PP community Carl Kesselman attended UK Grid Technical meeting 3 UK people visited Globus at Argonne Natural UK Collaboration with US PPDG and GriPhyN GridPP e-Science Presentation

22 e-Science Presentation
Funding Requirements Full exploitation requires £25.9M from PPARC plus £11.6M external funds Minimum programme requires £21.0M from PPARC plus £10.3M external funds Profiling is driven by: Hardware: Immediate need (Buy now) v Moore's law (Buy later)  UK Flat, CERN rising Manpower: Immediate need + requirement for 3 year positions (Hire now) v Availability (spread out)  UK + CERN want to front load Does not match PPARC funding profile Our proposal profiled this as 2001/2 2002/3 2003/4 £3.91M £8.43M £8.64M c.f. PPARC profile £3.0M £8.0M £15M GridPP e-Science Presentation

23 e-Science Presentation
Proposal Profile GridPP e-Science Presentation

24 e-Science Presentation
Reprofiling One attempt to match PPARC profile Too many staff hired in 3rd year (for 1 year!) GridPP e-Science Presentation

25 First Year Deliverables
Each Workgroup has detailed deliverables. These will be refined each year and build on the successes of the previous year. The Global Objectives for the first year are: Deliver EU DataGrid Middleware (First prototype [M9]) Running experiments to integrate their data management systems into existing facilities (e.g. mass storage) Assessment of technological and sociological Grid analysis needs Experiments refine data models for analyses Develop tools to allow bulk data transfer Assess and implement metadata definitions Develop relationships across multi-Tier structures and countries Integrate Monte Carlo production tools Provide experimental software installation kits LHC experiments start Data Challenges Feedback assessment of middleware tools GridPP e-Science Presentation

26 e-Science Presentation
External Resources External Funds (additional to PPARC Grants and central facilities) have provided computing equipment for several experiments and institutes BaBar (Birmingham, Bristol, Brunel, Edinburgh, £0.8M (JREI) + £1.0M (JIF) Imperial, Liverpool, Manchester, QMUL, RAL, RHUL) MAP (Liverpool ) £0.3M (JREI) ScotGrid (Edinburgh, Glasgow) £0.8M (JREI) D0 (Lancaster) £0.4M (JREI) + £0.1M (Univ) Dark Matter (Sheffield) £0.03M (JIF) CDF/Minos (Glasgow, Liverpool, Oxford, UCL) £1.7M (JIF) CMS (Imperial) £0.15M (JREI) ALICE (Birmingham) £0.15M (JREI) Total £5.4M All these Resources will contribute directly to GridPP Many Particle Physics Groups are involved in large SRIF bids in collaboration with other disciplines mostly to form e-Science centres. The amount of resource available to GridPP from this SRIF round could be several £M GridPP e-Science Presentation

27 e-Science Presentation
First Year Priorities Funding of PPARC's EU DataGrid staff commitment Staff to implement initial Grid Testbed in UK Hardware to satisfy BaBar requirements and EU DataGrid testbed commitment Staff for CERN LHC computing Contribution to CERN Tier-0 (Staff costs assume only 6 months of salary in first year) 15 EU DataGrid 3 year posts (already committed) £0.4M 15 GridPP 3 year posts £0.4M Hardware for BaBar Tier-A/LHC Tier-1 £0.9M 15 CERN 3 year posts £0.5M Hardware for CERN Tier £0.3M Total £2.5M Minimum viable programme to meet commitments GridPP e-Science Presentation

28 e-Science Presentation
Summary Have been working towards this project for ~ 2 years building up hardware Balanced exploitation programme costing £21M Will put PPARC and the UK at the forefront of Grid development in Europe Funds installation and operation of experimental testbeds, key infrastructure, generic middleware and making application code grid aware Does NOT fund physics analysis or experiment specific algorithms Does not match well with PPARC's funding profile A mechanism for moving some money forward from the third year needs to be found Requires substantial investment NOW £2.5M required this year to kick start programme GridPP e-Science Presentation

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