Presentation on theme: "Causes of the Civil War Unit 4. I.Slavery There were many differences between the north and south Slavery was a BIG difference North wanted to end slavery."— Presentation transcript:
I.Slavery There were many differences between the north and south Slavery was a BIG difference North wanted to end slavery – Did not understand what the need was for (immoral) South wanted to keep slavery – Only way of life the south knew – Would destroy way of life if there were no slaves
II.Cultural Issues North had an URBAN society – City life – Held jobs in shops and factories – Life revolved around cities South had a RURAL society – Country life – Agriculture was primary way of making money – Life revolved around plantations Northerners and Southerners could not agree on political issues because their lives were so different!!
III.Economic North was a manufacturing region – Favored tariffs because wanted South to buy from the North South was an agricultural region – DID NOT favor tariffs because traded with Great Britain (cotton, tobacco)
IV.Constitutional States’ Rights vs. National Rights South wanted states’ rights – Let each state decide issue of slavery and tariffs North wanted more powerful federal government – Let the government decide issue of slavery and tariffs This issue ultimately divided the nation – South believed could declare any national law illegal
How did the government try to hold the states together? Compromises tried to resolve the issue of slavery Missouri Compromise (1820) – Maine entered US as a free state – Missouri entered US as a slave state – All about everyone being equal in Congress!! Compromise of 1850 – California was a free state – Southwest territories would decide if slave or free Kansas-Nebraska Act – People would decide whether free or slave – Popular sovereignty V. Compromises