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PACKET 7- REVIEW SHEET. DEMOCRACY A government ruled by the people-The citizens hold the political power.

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Presentation on theme: "PACKET 7- REVIEW SHEET. DEMOCRACY A government ruled by the people-The citizens hold the political power."— Presentation transcript:


2 DEMOCRACY A government ruled by the people-The citizens hold the political power

3 BILL OF RIGHTS Lists the freedoms of individual citizens that a government promises to protect-First 10 Amendments

4 CONSTITUTION A document that sets out the basic structure, functions and powers of a government

5 The Articles of Confederation The first American Constitution Was too weak to work effectively Only had one branch of government-Legislative Did not have the power to tax or create an army

6 NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Provided a method for states to enter the Union- a territory had to have a population of 60,000 free settlers-Then it could ask Congress to become a state

7 SHAY’S REBELLION In 1786, Daniel Shays a Massachusetts farmer organized an uprising. 2,000 farmers attacked courthouses and prevented the state from seizing farms. It showed that the Articles were not working and the national government needed to be changed

8 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Convention to rewrite the Articles of Confederation 55 delegates met in Philadelphia in May 1787

9 RATIFY To approve

10 DELEGATED POWERS Powers given to the national government Declare war and raise an army, Coin money, regulate trade between the states and foreign countries

11 RESERVED POWERS Powers given to state governments Make laws about marriage and divorce, education laws, regulate trade within the state

12 SHARED OR CONCURRENT POWERS Powers given to both the states and the national government Raise taxes, borrow money

13 FEDERALISM The division of power between the state and national government

14 SEPARATION OF POWERS Division of power into 3 branches: Legislative, Executive and Judicial

15 CHECKS AND BALANCES System by which each branch of government can check or control the actions of the other two branches

16 VETO Power of the President to reject a bill passed by Congress

17 OVERRIDE Congress can overrule a presidential veto-Two thirds of both houses must vote to override

18 IMPEACH To bring formal charges against the President or another public official

19 AMENDMENT The only way to change the Constitution-It allows the Constitution to change with the times There are 27

20 CENSUS Population count taken every 10 years to determine representation in the House of Representatives

21 PREAMBLE Introduction to the Constitution which states that the power to govern comes from the people “We, the people…”

22 ELECTORAL COLLEGE Group of electors who meet every 4 years to choose the President and Vice President

23 THE FEDERALIST PAPERS A series of essays defending and supporting the Constitution

24 WHY WAS A WEAK CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CREATED UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION? The founders were afraid of creating another tyranny like they had under King George so they purposely created a weak government-THEY WERE PARANOID ABOUT POWER!!!

25 VIRGINIA PLAN Big states plan-Called for 2 houses of Congress- The number of representatives from each state would be determined by population

26 NEW JERSEY PLAN Plan of the small states-Called for a one house legislature and each state would get one vote regardless of population

27 THE GREAT COMPROMISE Solved the problem of representation in Congress Created a bicameral (2 house) Congress!!! House of Reps- representation determined by population Senate-each state gets 2

28 THE THREE-FIFTHS COMPROMISE Solved the problem of whether to count slaves as population Three-fifths of a states slaves would be counted as population when figuring out how many representatives each state got in the House of Reps

29 THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT Legislative Branch - passes the laws Executive Branch - carries out the laws Judicial Branch - decides if the laws are carried out fairly or interprets the laws

30 WHY DID THE ANTI-FEDERALISTS OPPOSE THE CONSTITUTION? WHAT DID THEY WANT ADDED? 1. They thought it made the national government too strong and left the states too weak. 2. They thought the Constitution gave the President too much power. They wanted a Bill of Rights added

31 PURPOSE OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS To protect the rights of individual citizens

32 WHY IS THE CONSTITUTION A “LIVING DOCUMENT”? Because it has the ability to change with the times through the Amendment Process and the Elastic Clause

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