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Prefixes, Root Words, Suffixes
How can prefixes and suffixes change a root word?
They can change its meaning.
A ROOT Word is the original word without a prefix or suffix.
Example: Unfriendly Friend is the root word.
Prefixes come at the beginning and Suffixes come at the end.Un friend ly
For 3rd Grade, you need to know the following prefixes.
UN- DIS- RE- IN-
What does UN- mean? “NOT”
Look at the following UN- words and tell their meaning.
Unhappy “NOT happy”
Ungrateful “NOT grateful”
Unfriendly “NOT friendly”
What does the prefix DIS- mean?“NOT”
Look at the following DIS- words and determine their meaning.
Disrespectful “NOT respectful”
Disable “NOT able”
What does RE- mean? “DO AGAIN”
Look at the following RE- words and tell their meaning.
“view something again”Review “view something again”
“wind something again”Rewind “wind something again”
Replay “Play again”
For 3rd Grade, you need to know the following suffixes.
-ous -tion -ly
What does –TION mean? “The act of”
“The act of getting an education”For example, Education “The act of getting an education”
For example, Inspection“The act of inspecting something”
For example, Pronuncation“The act of pronouncing something”
-OUS means “full of”
Spacious means full of spaceFor example: Spacious means full of space
Gracious means full of graceFor example: Gracious means full of grace
-ly makes the word mean the same thing, just changes a word into an adverb.
Or She walked HAPPILY into the room.For example: She was HAPPY. Or She walked HAPPILY into the room.
She is a good friend. She is FRIENDLY to her classmates.
Look at the following words. Identify the prefix, suffix, or root word.
ROOT WORD Unfriendly
ROOT WORD GRACEFULLY
ROOT WORD DISRESPECTFUL
ROOT WORD UNHAPPILY HAPPY
Welcome to our class! Made by Wenfeng Middle School.
Subject: Communication Arts
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