Presentation on theme: "THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE. NORTHERN RENAISSANCE Italian Renaissance ideas quickly spread to northern European countries such as England, France, and."— Presentation transcript:
NORTHERN RENAISSANCE Italian Renaissance ideas quickly spread to northern European countries such as England, France, and Germany. Spread by the rapid growth of cities and the concept of patronage.
SPREAD OF ART As France invaded northern Italy, the wars resulted in a sharing of knowledge and art similar to the crusades. Northern artists, architects, and philosophers studied in Italy and brought the ideas back home.
NORTHERN WRITERS Northern writers started using their vernacular language to question many of the practices and teachings of the Church. They desired to reform society.
CHRISTIAN HUMANISTS Believed in a “Christianity of the heart” without ceremonies and rules and believed all people should study the Bible. Promoted the education of women and people of all classes.
WOMEN’S REFORMS Philosophers including women began questioning men and women roles in society. Although minimal, there was a significant increase in educated women in society.
ELIZABETHAN AGE The period in England from 1550 to 1600 when the Renaissance spread to England. Queen Elizabeth was highly educated and promoted English art and literature during this period.
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE Most famous writer of the Elizabethan Age. Shakespeare loved the classics and gave them new meaning and life through his plays. His plays were famously performed at the Globe Theatre and became the basis for many modern day writers and filmmakers.
JOHANN GUTENBERG AND THE PRINTING PRESS Using ideas from the Ancient Chinese, Johann Gutenberg developed the printing press in 1440. It allowed for writing to be mass produced for the first time and produced quickly. The first book printed on the press was the Bible.
LEGACY OF THE RENAISSANCE: ARTS Art became more realistic. Style relied on classical Greece and Rome. Art began to depict more secular rather than religious images. The use of vernacular languages became common.
LEGACY OF THE RENAISSANCE: SOCIETY Information became available to a wider range of people. There was a dramatic increase in the number of people educated. Laws became more clear to people and the questioned their rights. People all over began to question established political and religious structures.
VIDEO CLIPS Gutenberg Bible: 2 Minutes Gutenberg Bible Elizabeth and the Renaissance: 2 Minutes Elizabeth and the Renaissance