Presentation on theme: "Yalta KEY DECISIONS United Nations Created a United Nations Germany and Berlin divided into 4 zones controlled by the Allies free elections Eastern."— Presentation transcript:
Yalta KEY DECISIONS United Nations Created a United Nations Germany and Berlin divided into 4 zones controlled by the Allies free elections Eastern European countries allowed “free elections” Stalin signed agreements but Eastern Europe would stay under Soviet control. “You cannot trust the words of a dictator”. Yalta Conference shaped the post WWII world. The lasting effect was: “You cannot trust the words of a dictator”.
coldwar Soviet Goals Wanted to rebuild Europe in ways that would help the Soviet Union recover from the huge losses it suffered during the war Wanted to establish Soviet satellite nations, countries subject to Soviet domination and sympathetic to Soviet goals Wanted to promote the spread of communism throughout the world American Goals Wanted conquered European nations to experience the democracy and economic opportunity that the United States had fought for during the war Wanted to develop strong capitalist economies, which would provide good markets for American products
Meeting with Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin Formalized dividing Germany into 4 parts. (Soviets, U.S. British and French) New elections in Poland Soviets’ right to claim reparations from Germany.
Changing in borders of Poland. Germany split into 4 sections Most all nations in E. Europe became Communist under the Soviet Union. China- civil war between nationalists and communists Japan- New constitution=abolished armed forces except for defense, gave women the right to vote, and established economic recovery effort.
War marked the end of Western Europe domination of the world. Many colonial nations had renewed their drive for independence from European nations after seeing the destruction Germany and Japan had caused.
Superpowers- Soviet Union and U.S. By the end of the War the U.S. had emerged wealthy, militarily powerful, and confident. Soviets had the Red Army, which was the largest military force in the world.
International Monetary Fund and the World Bank= worked to foster global economic and financial stability. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)- Expand world trade by reducing tariffs.
UN Democracy Communism Limited Democracy 1 Party State Military Dictatorship Dictatorship Monarchy No Self Government No Government China U.S.AU.S.A *Great Britain **France * ** Soviet Union Founders of the United Nations in 1945 Permanent seats on the Security Council. Replaced the League of Nations to promote world peace
Home in New York City Cooperation between the Great Powers. All member nations sit on General Assembly but the U.S., Soviet Union, Britain, France and China got permanent seats on Security Council. Aided in issues such as movement away from colonialism, creating Israel, and mediated many global conflicts. Provides food and aid to all parts of the world. Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948- Condemns slavery and torture, upholds freedom of speech and religion and affirms that everyone has the right to a healthy standard of living.
The Axis Powers had repeatedly violated the Geneva Convention. International agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war. Allies tried more than 1000 Japanese citizens for their treatment of people in China, Korea, and S.E. Asia. Hundreds condemned to death including Prime Minister Tojo and the general in charge of the Baatan Death March.
Nuremberg Trials · In 1945 and 1946, as a result of the Nuremberg Trials, 12 Nazi leaders were sentenced to death for their war crimes. Goering, Hess, von Ribbentrop, and Keitel in front row
Japanese War Crimes Trials General Hideki Tojo Bio-Chemical Experiments on humans!
Many realized that the economic and political health of America was tied to world peace and economic development. America’s security involved world security.
Many African Americans believed they were fighting for 2 things. Dictatorship overseas Racism in U.S. WWII renewed vigor to the fight for civil rights. This time the fight did not just include African Americans, but fellow white Americans as well.
WWII ended the Great Depression Redistributed wealth across the country. Military bases in South and West spurred people to move to these regions. Greater governmental influence in the economy.