A Plant Cell’s Unique Organelles Cell Wall Chloroplasts Chlorophyll A single vacuole
What do plants need to survive? Sunlight Water Nutrients and minerals
How do plants take in materials? Take in water through the roots Root hairs: threadlike cells that grow from a plant root and takes in water and minerals from the soil
Moving Materials to Different Plant Parts There are tubes that carry water, food, and minerals through the plant. One tube brings water up. One tube brings food and minerals down. An elevator!
TRANSPIRATION Transpiration is the evaporation of water through the leaves. Stomata: openings in the leaf through which gases and water enter and leave. Water leaves the plant through the stomata. Gases enter the plant through the stomata.
Steps of Photosynthesis 1. Chloroplasts trap the light energy (sunlight). 2.Water enters the leaf. 3.Carbon dioxide enters the cell through the stomata. 4.Sugar leaves the leaf and travels to the rest of the plant.
Respiration Respiration is the process by which cells change sugar and oxygen into carbon dioxide and water (energy). This is how the plant breaks down the food (sugar) into a form it can use! Cells use this energy to do their work.
A Flowering Plant Important parts: –Stamen: male part of the flower that produces pollen –Pistil: female part of the flower that contains the egg
Fertilization vs. Pollination Fertilization: takes place when the male gamete from the pollen joins the female gamete in the ovary. Pollination: any process that delivers pollen to eggs in plants (this is the first step in fertilization!!) –What are some ways that pollination can occur?
Life Cycle of Flowering Plant 1.Pollen sticks to pistil. Pollen tube grows into ovule. 2.Sperm fertilizes egg cell. 3.Egg cell becomes a seed. 4.Ovule grows into a fruit that covers seed. 5.Seed grows into a new plant.
Life Cycles of Fern 1.Spore cases open. 2.Spore begins growing into young fern plant. 3.Sperm swim to egg cells of young fern plant. 4.Fertilized egg cell grows into new plant part. 5.New plant part grows into fern.