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CHAPTER 4: THE BILL OF RIGHTS Integrated Government.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 4: THE BILL OF RIGHTS Integrated Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 4: THE BILL OF RIGHTS Integrated Government

2 Bell Ringer!!!  What happened in the Tinker v. Des Moines School District case we discussed yesterday??  Can you think of a similar situation that could take place at our school today???  Discuss this with a partner and we will share

3 Civil Liberties  Civil Liberties: Freedoms of thought and action without government interference or unfair treatment  Bill of Rights: First 10 Amendments to the Constitution Designed to protect rights and liberties of the American people The First Amendment spells out 5 key freedoms Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition the government

4 First Amendment  Freedom of Speech:  Allows Americans to speak freely without fear of punishment by the government  “Speech” includes art, music, clothing and other forms of expression  This right is NOT without limits, however Slander: Spreading spoken lies about somebody that may harm their reputation Libel: Printing lies about another that may damage their reputation

5 First Amendment  Freedom of Speech:  Clear and Present Danger: Restricts speech that may cause actions harmful to the country  Schenck vs. United States: Conviction upheld for socialist leaflets questioning the WWI draft

6 First Amendment  Freedom of the Press:  Guarantees the press freedom to report news, events and opinions without censorship by the government Press includes radio, tv, internet, newspaper, magazines  Censorship: banning/removal of content because it contains ideas that may be alarming, offensive, or critical of the government  Freedom of the press is not unlimited  May not threaten national security, obscenity laws, libel  DO SCHOOL PAPERS OFFER FREEDOM OF THE PRESS?

7 First Amendment  Freedom of Assembly:  People have the right to associate in groups of their choice and assemble to share their opinions  Limits on Assembly: Assemblies must be peaceful Government is allowed to require permits before protest/assembly

8 First Amendment  Freedom of Religion:  Establishment Clause: Congress may not establish a national religion/church  Free Exercise Clause: Citizens are allowed to practice their faith as they wish  Separation of Church & State: Religion must remain separate from the operation of the government

9 First Amendment  Right to Petition:  Right to express ideas to government Signing petitions, writing to government officials

10 Fourth Amendment  4th Amendment:  Protects American citizens against unlawful search and seizure by government officials  Search Warrant: Court order, granted by a judge to search a person’s home/possessions Evidence must be presented to suggest that a search is likely to turn up something before a warrant is granted Designed to protect against random invasions of privacy by the government

11 Prove You Know… 1. What does the 4 th Amendment protect? 2. Summarize the article in three sentences. 3. What was the outcome of the case? 4. How does this article relate to you and your future?

12 Fifth Amendment  5th Amendment:  Offers the following protections for those accused of crimes:  Indictment: Formally being charged with a crime  Grand Jury: Group of citizens that determines whether there is evidence to indict somebody for a crime  You have the right to not incriminate yourself/testify against yourself (plead the 5th)

13 Fifth Amendment  5th Amendment:  Due Process: The 5th guarantees all protections of the legal process  Eminent Domain: The government may take private property from citizens for public use Must be for a public good & the owner must be paid a fair price for their property

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