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Multiculturalism Cultural Geography.

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Presentation on theme: "Multiculturalism Cultural Geography."— Presentation transcript:

1 Multiculturalism Cultural Geography

2 Cultural Geography

3 What does multiculturalism mean?
The term multiculturalism is the range of cultural and ethnic diversity within the population a country. A multicultural society is one where a number of different ethnic groups and their culture live alongside the predominant indigenous ethnic group and their culture. Cultural Geography

4 What identities does Ed Husain have?
Multiple identities/Shared Identities An individual can have range of identities based on their personal experience and history, they can show allegiance to more than ‘one group’. Cultural Geography What identities does Ed Husain have?

5 International Development Minister
Multiple identities/Shared Identities "But supporting a team is not the true test of being English. It's about the country you consider your home, the place where you will raise your kids. I'm very proud to support the England football and cricket teams but I don't believe that is the defining element of your national identity." Cultural Geography Shahid Malik, International Development Minister

6 Reasons for our multicultural society
Cultural Geography

Migration... TOP NON-UK BIRTH PLACES 2001 Eire: 494,850 India: 466,416 Pakistan: 320,767 Germany: 262,276 Caribbean: 254,740 USA: 155,030 Bangladesh: 154,201 South Africa: 140,201 Kenya: 129,356 Italy: 107,002 Cultural Geography

8 Leave the ingredients to simmer.
The British by Benjamin Zephaniah Serves 60 million (from 'Wicked World') Take some Picts, Celts and Silures And let them settle, Then overrun them with Roman conquerors. Remove the Romans after approximately 400 years Add lots of Norman French to some Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Vikings, then stir vigorously. Mix some hot Chileans, cool Jamaicans, Dominicans, Trinidadians and Bajans with some Ethiopians, Chinese, Vietnamese and Sudanese. Then take a blend of Somalians, Sri Lankans, Nigerians And Pakistanis, Combine with some Guyanese And turn up the heat. Sprinkle some fresh Indians, Malaysians, Bosnians, Iraqis and Bangladeshis together with some Afghans, Spanish, Turkish, Kurdish, Japanese And Palestinians Then add to the melting pot. Leave the ingredients to simmer. As they mix and blend allow their languages to flourish Binding them together with English. Allow time to be cool. Add some unity, understanding, and respect for the future, Serve with justice And enjoy. Note: All the ingredients are equally important. Treating one ingredient better than another will leave a bitter unpleasant taste. Warning: An unequal spread of justice will damage the people and cause pain. Give justice and equality to all. Cultural Geography

9 "Being British is about driving in a German car to an Irish pub for a Belgian beer, then travelling home, grabbing an Indian curry or a Turkish kebab on the way, to sit on Swedish furniture and watch American shows on a Japanese TV. And the most British thing of all? Suspicion of anything foreign ". Anonymous Cultural Geography

10 Cultural Geography Automated
pre 1066 A succession of invading forces brought new people and their cultures to what is modern-day Britain. These included the Romans, Jutes, Angles, Saxons and Vikings 1685 Religious persecution forces 100,000 Huguenots (French Protestants) to leave France for Britain U.K. Migration 1066 The Normans invade Britain and become the dominant force. Their legacy laid the foundations of the Britain we live in today 1840s Widespread famine forces thousands of people to leave Ireland. Many come to Britain Cultural Geography

11 The First World War creates huge numbers of refugees, many of whom choose to escape mainland Europe and come to Britain 1848 With a spate of revolutions breaking out in mainland Europe, Britain becomes the destination of choice for many refugees U.K. Migration 1880s Fleeing oppression in Europe, hundreds of thousands of Jews seek sanctuary in Britain Again with the outbreak of the Second World War, refugees seek to escape Nazi rule and the fighting by travelling to the UK Cultural Geography

12 1946 Hundreds of thousands of people from across Eastern Europe seek refuge in the UK following the establishment of Communism ,000 Ugandan Asians settle in the UK after being expelled from Uganda U.K. Migration 1948 Many West Indians decide to settle in Britain, which needs to boost its depleted workforce after WW2 1975 Political unrest and war in South-East Asia results in many seeking a new life in Britain Cultural Geography

13 1980s Attracted by opportunities for those with specialist skills and professional training, large numbers of Australians, New Zealanders and South Africans move to the UK During these years 45,000 people arrive from Africa, 22,700 from the Indian sub-continent and 25,000 from Asia U.K. Migration Ethnic disputes in the Balkans force thousands to seek refuge in Western Europe. Many seek asylum in the UK 2002+ Asylum seekers from Afghanistan and Iraq, economic migrants from Eastern Europe due to E.U. enlargement. Cultural Geography

14 Any remember the British Empire….
Cultural Geography Any remember the British Empire….

15 European Union Cultural Geography
The Treaty of Rome means that all citizens of E.U. countries have the legal right to work and settle here.

16 Evidence of a multicultural society.
A rebranded Jack. Cultural Geography

17 Is the UK multicultural?
Cultural Geography

18 Is my place multicultural?
Cultural Geography

19 Is the UK multicultural?
Cultural Geography

20 A selection of Manchester United first team players 2007-2008
Holland Brazil England England Senegal Van De Sar Anderson Beardsley Neville Evra Cultural Geography Canada France Serbia Argentina Portugal Hargreaves Ronaldo Saha Vidic Tevez A selection of Manchester United first team players

21 Cultural Fusion Cultural Geography

22 Cultural Geography Benefits

23 Conflicting ideas and beliefs.
Challenges Cultural Geography Conflicting ideas and beliefs. Shambo 2007

24 Conflicting ideas and beliefs.
Challenges Cultural Geography Conflicting ideas and beliefs. Danish cartoons 2007

25 Challenges Shambo 2007 Danish Cartoon Row 2006 Racism Cultural Geography Smoking ban London Bombings

26 Commission for Equality and Human Rights.
Is multiculturalism working? Well, I think the answer is this, the fact that we are a multicultural society is it just that, it is a fact and it has been for 2,000 years, that's the nature of Britishness, that's why it's such a capacious accommodating identity. The problem is that if you put that into practice in a certain way, what you end up doing is separating people, and what I discovered when I became chair of the CRE three years ago was that too many public authorities particularly were taking diversity to a point where they were saying, 'actually we're going to reward you for being different, we're going to give you a community centre only if you are Pakistani or African Caribbean and so on, but we're not going to encourage you to be part of the community of our town.' Cultural Geography Trevor Philips Commission for Equality and Human Rights.

27 Is multiculturalism working?
He told the congregation: "Together we can make a Britain in which many minority ethnic people will feel it is their dwelling tent too - without making the indigenous population feel that this is no longer the Britain of their fathers. "Today, there is a great deal of talk about social inclusion and community cohesion. "But surely we must go beyond inclusion and cohesion to a vision of true humanity as we see it in the face of Jesus Christ. "I believe we should talk more about the common good and the values that have shaped this nation and less and less about multi-culturalism and cultural diversity. Cultural Geography

28 Is multiculturalism working?
Challenges Benefits Social Economic Political Cultural Geography

29 What is the future for culture in the United Kingdom?
Multiculturalism and the future/s... Or Soup Cultural Geography Or Salad Bowl What is the future for culture in the United Kingdom? ? Segregated Salad

30 Multiculturalism and the future/s...
1 Ethnic groups integrate into wider society. They begin to influence the dominant culture of the country, the culture evolves over time and cultural fusion occurs. The so called melting pot idea. This process continues over time as new ethnic groups enter the country. Cultural Geography Soup

31 Multiculturalism and the future...
2 The ethnic groups integrate into society, they retain their own culture, whilst adopting, or some aspects of, the dominant culture of the country, people have multiple identities. The ethnic groups live alongside the indigenous population called cultural pluralism. Cultural Geography Salad Bowl

32 Multiculturalism and the future...
3 Ethnic groups do not integrate into wider society, they retain their own culture and reject the dominant culture. So called Balkanisation. Cultural Geography Segregated Salad

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