Presentation on theme: "What is energy and what are the different forms?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What is energy and what are the different forms? SPS7a: Identify energy transformations within a system.Essential Question:What is energy and what are the different forms?
2 Energy : the ability to do work Examples of energy are all around you. Energy is connected to work.Energy is measured in the same unit as work, joules (J).We are more used to the unit of energy called the calorie calories = 1 kilocalorie, which is written as Calorie. A 100 Calorie cookie has 100 kilocalories of energy.
3 __________ Potential Energy Potential Energy, PE:Stored energyThe energy of position. Examples: spring, stretched rubber band, any object that could fall.Gravitational__________ Potential EnergyEnergy of an object because of its height.Example: waterfall
4 Potential EnergyIt has the ability or potential to give that energy back by doing work.Potential energy does not always have to be mechanical energy.Example: energy stored in food. This energy is chemical. The energy is stored in the food and released when the food is broken down through digestion
5 Which hurts more, a bowling ball dropped on your foot from a height of Which hurts more, a bowling ball dropped on your foot from a height of .10 m or from 3 m?3 m -> had more PE
6 Kinetic Energy, KE: Energy of motion The faster an object moves the more kinetic energy it has.Kinetic energy is directly related to the velocity of an objectKinetic energy depends on both mass and velocity.
7 Bowling ball – more mass – more energy Which hurts more when dropped on your foot, a ping pong ball or a bowling ball at 5 m/s?Bowling ball – more mass – more energya tennis ball at 2m/s or 20 m/s?20 m/s – more speed – more energy
8 Find all the PE stored in this situation. INQUIRYFind all the PE stored in this situation.
9 ENERGY IS CONSERVED!! Which means energy is not Created or destroyed The Law of Conservation of EnergyENERGY IS CONSERVED!!Which means energy is notCreated or destroyedEnergy can be transferred from one object to another and can be changed from one form to another.
10 Roller coaster Example PE=250JAt the top:KE=Coaster has all PETotal energy 250J
11 PE=KE=250JAt the lowest point:all KETotal energy 250J
12 KE=125JPE=125JIn the middle:Some KE and some PETotal energy 250J
13 Where does the roller coaster get its PE to begin with? WORK! The chain does work to get the coaster to the top of the first hill.
14 What can you say about the total energy of the system? DEFBINQUIRYDescribe the energy at the labeled points.What can you say about the total energy of the system?
18 work heat sound Weight hits ground, does _____ driving stake into ground, also generating _____ and ______sound
19 Where do the mallets have PE? Where is WORK being done? INQUIRYWhere do the mallets have PE?Where is WORK being done?Where do the mallets have KE?
20 INQUIRY What kind of energy does the guy start with? Where does this energy come from?INQUIRYWhat happens to the energy as he is falling?Where does all the energy go in the end?
21 What energy transformations do you see in this clip? INQUIRYWhat energy transformations do you see in this clip?
22 What kind of energy transformations do you see happening here? INQUIRYWhat kind of energy transformations do you see happening here?
23 What energy transformations do you see in this clip? INQUIRYWhat energy transformations do you see in this clip?
24 Quick Quiz (Vocabulary) 1. ________ can be defined as the ability to do work.2. The energy of motion is called_______.3. The internal motion of the atoms is called_________.4. The nucleus of an atom is the source of ________.5. __________ is energy of position.
25 What energy transformations do you see in this clip? `INQUIRYWhat energy transformations do you see in this clip?
26 Forms of EnergyMechanical energy: Matter that is in motion has energy. Mechanical Energy is any object that is moving or could move.Examples - water in waterfall, blood flowing through your blood vessels.
27 Forms of EnergyThermal Energy (heat): All matter is made of tiny particles called atoms that are constantly moving. The internal motion of the atoms is called heat energy.The faster the particles move, the more thermal energy is produced.Heat energy often comes from friction or light hitting an object.
28 Forms of EnergyChemical energy: Energy exists in the bonds that hold atoms together. This energy is called chemical energy.When fuel is burned, chemical energy is released and converted into thermal energy.Ex- start a fire in a charcoal grill; digest food
29 Forms of EnergyElectrical energy: Energy associated with moving electrons. These moving electric charges have the ability to do work.Ex- power lines; electric motors; electric lightsElectromagnetic energy: energy of moving photons or waves of light.Ex- visible light; lasers; infrared; ultraviolet; x-rays; radio waves; microwaves.
30 Forms of EnergyNuclear energy: the nucleus, or center of an atom is the source of nuclear energy.Nuclear energy is released when lightweight nuclei collide at high speeds and fuse.Nuclear energy is released in the form of heat, light, sound, and mechanical energy.Nuclear energy is most concentrated form of energy.All energy untimately comes from nuclear energy.
31 Other Forms of EnergySound Energy- waves of energy moving through matterGravitational Energy- any object that could fall, roll, or slide down
32 What energy transformations do you see in this clip? INQUIRYWhat energy transformations do you see in this clip?
33 Questions to Answer 1. What is energy? 2. Can energy be transferred from one object to another? Explain.3. What are different forms of energy?4. Why is energy measured in same unit as work?