Presentation on theme: "The Age of the Common Man"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Age of the Common Man Jacksonian Era:The Age of the Common Man
2 Election of 1824 Four men ran: Crawford, Clay, Adams, and Jackson “Corrupt bargain”
3 John Quincy AdamsTried to pass bills for internal improvements, establishing schools, and protective tariffs.Tariff of Abominations (Tariff of 1828)Discredits Adams in election of 1828
4 Election of 1828Electorate increased; elimination of property qualifications = universal white manhood suffrageBeginning of the modern political party system – Jackson formed the Democratic PartyVote!
5 Jackson in Office Jackson won by a large margin Spoils system His first inauguration opened the White House
6 Jackson and the Indians Jackson wanted open land for settlersIndian Removal Act 1830 provided for the removal of all Indian tribes east of the Mississippi
7 Five Civilized TribesCherokees, Choctaws, Seminoles, Creeks, and the Chicksaws (approximately 75,000 total)Lived in large parts of Georgia, the Carolinas, Alabama, Mississippi, and TennesseeMany of these tribes had adopted white/European customs (especially the Cherokees)
9 Supreme Court and Georgia Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)Cherokees claimed that Georgia could not make laws because they were a sovereign nation; court refused to hear the caseWorcester v. Georgia (1832)Marshall ruled that Georgia had no right to rule in Cherokee territory
10 Jackson Wins Relocation Trail of Tears, 1838 – the forced march of Cherokees that led to thousands of deaths by sickness and starvation.Relocated to Oklahoma
11 Jackson and the BankBank charter was up in 1836, but Henry Clay and Daniel Webster suggested renewing it in 1832 ( to discredit Jackson)Jackson vetoed the recharter bill and removed all federal funds from the bank and placed them in his “pet banks” – state banks mostly located in the WestResult of Bank War - There was a lot of speculation in Western lands and inflation in both land and goods
12 Nullification CrisisCalhoun argued that tariffs benefited only one part of the country rather than the nation as a whole and therefore they should be declared unconstitutionalConvention met in South Carolina and votes to nullify the new LOWER tariff of 1832Force Bill gave Jackson the power to invade South Carolina if need beSouth Carolina repealed its nullification of the tariff but then nullified the Force Bill
13 Nat Turner’s Rebellion As the Northern Abolitionist movement grew, so did the number of slave revolts.Nat Turner organized a revolt in which 60 whites were killed and mutilatedWhites retaliated and had 200 slaves executedSouthern states passed black codesThe Capture of Nat Turner. From the Library of Congress Collection.
14 Rise of the Whig PartyWhigs were a loose organization, that was nationalist and opposed to one or more of Jackson’s policiesMany Whigs were social reformersElection of Jackson backed his Vice President Martin Van BurenVan Buren won, but inherited an economic crisis, the Panic of 1837
15 Election of 1840: Campaign of Log Cabins and Hard Cider First modern election; campaigning and slogansSmear campaign- did not focus on the issuesWilliam Henry Harrison (Whig) vs. Van Buren (Democrat)“Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!”Harrison wins, dies in a month and Tyler takes overTyler vetoed Whig policies; president without a party