Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 – Part 2 Nutrition Basics"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 12 – Part 2 Nutrition Basics Essential Nutrients and Nutritional Guidelines1
2 What is a Nutrient?A nutrient is a chemical substance in food that helps maintain the body.You need over 50 nutrients, which can be divided into six groups.WaterCarbohydratesLipids (Fats)ProteinsVitaminsMinerals
3 Nutrients have three general functions in your body.
28 Function Aids in digestion Aids in cell growth and maintenance Facilitates chemical reactionsLubricates joints and cellsRegulates body temperature28
29 SourcesLiquidsFoodBreakdown of energy nutrients29
30 Dietary Guidelines for Americans AIM FOR FITNESS . . .Aim for a healthy weight.Be physically active each day.
31 BUILD A HEALTHY BASE . . .Let the Pyramid guide your food choices. Choose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily. Keep food safe to eat.
32 CHOOSE SENSIBLY . . . ♦Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat.♦Choose beverages and foods to moderateyour intake of sugars.♦Choose and prepare foods with less salt.♦If you drink alcoholic beverages, doso in moderation.
33 Food For Thought Avoid excesses of some vitamins and minerals. To promote good nutrition and maintain good health:Eat a variety of foods from the food guide pyramid.Drink plenty of waterDaily exerciseSeek the advice of a physician or dietician before taking supplements4.01C Nutrients33