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Introduction to World War I

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1 Introduction to World War I

2 Objective By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain how nationalism and militarism created an environment that promoted war in Europe during the early 1900s.

3 Lightning Round Review!
1. What happened during Sherman’s March to the Sea? 2. How did the Spanish-American War make America more powerful?

4 Vocabulary Nationalism - a feeling of pride and great likeness for your country. Militarism - when a country builds up their army to protect their land, resources, and interests. Alliance - an agreement between two or more parties to get along and be on the same side. Trench Warfare - When enemies are fighting each other in permanent places.


6 Nationalism In the early 1900s, European countries started to have a lot of nationalism. The pride in their countries made them feel as though their country was better than other countries in Europe.

7 Examples of Nationalsim

8 Nationalism How do you think nationalism changes the way you think about other countries? What kind of things do you think a country that has a lot of nationalism might say to another country?

9 Nationalism People feed off each other and start to believe the hype.
Nationalism can sometimes make you think you are stronger than you actually are. People feed off each other and start to believe the hype.

10 What do you think this cartoon is suggesting?

11 Nationalism? What are some different ways people show nationalism (love) for their country? Where do you see nationalism in society? Think about where you might have nationalism in your lives...

12 A Country’s Flag A Country’s Sport’s Teams A glorified painting or photograph of the countryside or country’s leader (this is a picture of Kim Jung - Il, dictator of North Korea. The painting is trying to make him look strong in the lovely North Korean countryside) Propaganda Posters

13 Nationalism in Society
Songs are also used to create nationalism (love) for one’s country. America the Beautiful: O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain, For purple mountain majesties Above the fruited plain! America! America! God shed his grace on thee And crown thy good with brotherhood From sea to shining sea!

14 Nationalism Break it down: National - a group of people or a country
Ism - the act of doing something Nationalism - the act of having pride for your people or country.

15 Militarism People in countries that have a lot of nationalism many times want to make their countries stronger. What are some ways you can make a country stronger?

16 Militarism A country can make themselves stronger by making their military (army) larger and stronger. Many countries in Europe built up their armies in the early 1900s because of strong nationalistic feelings

17 Militarism

18 Militarism How does a strong military help a country?

19 Militarism A strong military helps countries:
protect their natural resources. protect their citizens. expand the amount of land they have.


21 Militarism - in the Early 1900s

22 Militarism Break it down: Military - means army
Ism - the act of doing something Militarism - the act of building up an army.

23 World War I What happens when a bunch of countries have a lot of nationalism and strong militaries in a relatively small area? Think about bullies on the playground.

24 Europe Before World War I

25 World War I Countries could fight!
Countries with a lot of nationalism many times think they are better than other countries. Not only do they think they are better, but they have weapons so they are not afraid to fight to help their country or show the world just how strong they are!

26 Alliances Countries wanted to make sure they had friends to fight with, so, European countries entered into alliances in the early 1900s. Alliances are when a country tells another country they will be on the same side if a war breaks out.

27 Europe in 1900


29 Ready to Fight? So... European countries in the early 1900s had a lot of nationalism, had strong armies, and were in alliances in case a war broke out. What do you think is going to happen?

30 Conclusion Nationalism in Europe in the early 1900s led countries to militarize (build up their armies). Many European countries got into alliances so that in case a war broke out, they had friends on their side to fight with in the war. By 1910, many countries were on edge and expecting war at any time!

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