Presentation on theme: "Unit 1 - Family Do now! Describe ways that families have changed since the 1950s. Hint: structures, divorce, fertility, contraception, feminism…"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 1 - FamilyDo now!Describe ways that families have changed since the 1950s.Hint: structures, divorce, fertility, contraception, feminism…
2 Homework due Monday1) Complete the Families mock exam on p32-33 of your revision guide.*Allow yourself 30 mins only*2) Using a different coloured pen, mark & amend your work (help and advice is given in the rest of the chapter)Extension: Answer any exam questions from this powerpoint so that you can get them checked.
4 Session 1 – What are the different forms of family? Key concepts revised todayDefine & explain different forms of familyExplain important changes that are taking place in family structures e.g. increase in single parent householdsStarter: What is the difference between a family and a household?
5 A Household or A Family? What is a household? A household is a group of people who live together, they may or may not be related through blood or marriage.What is a family?A family is a form of household where all the people who live together are related through either kinship ties or marriage.
6 What can you remember about these types of families? Reconstituted FamilySingle-Parent FamilyNuclear FamilySame-Sex FamilyExtended Family
9 Exam QuestionsIdentify two possible consequences of living in a stepfamily.(2 marks)2) Identify two reasons why there has been an increase in the percentage of children living in lone parent families in the last 30 years or so. (2 marks)3) Explain what sociologists mean by a reconstituted family. (4 marks)4) Explain what sociologists mean by a traditional nuclear family. (4 marks)5) Describe one family type found in Britain and explain how it is different from any one other family type. (5 marks)6) Describe one way in which an individual’s family or household situation might change over the course of their life, apart from divorce, and explain why this change may occur. (5 marks)7) Describe one change in family size in Britain and explain why this change has occurred. (5 marks)8)Discuss how far sociologists would agree that there is no longer a typical British family.(12 marks)9) Discuss how far sociologists would agree that changes in family size have led to families becoming more child-centred. (12 marks)
10 PlenarySummarise the key changes taking place to the nature of families (i.e. which types are increasing/decreasing and why?)
11 Do now! Can you remember what these key terms mean? MONOGAMYBIGAMYSERIAL MONOGAMYPOLYGAMYPOLYGNYPOLYANDRY
12 Session 2 – Why are families changing? Key concepts revised todayDescribe & explain changes in the pattern of divorce since 1945 & consequence of divorce for family members & structuresDescribe & explain changes in patterns of fertility & expectations of lifeQuick think!What is the average age to get married?What is the average age to have a first child?Answer: 30!n.b people in London tend to have children later than other parts of the UK
13 Average age of first marriage (England and Wales) 19712004Men24.631.4Women22.629.119862006% of births outside of marriage25.2%43.7%% of people under 60 cohabiting12%25%Describe the key trends and explain reasons for these trends.
14 Fertility rates: Number of live births per 1000 women of childbearing age Study the fertility rates graph on p.78Answer the three questionsExtension: Describe one change in the pattern of fertility in the UK and explain why this change has taken place (5 marks)
15 Changing patterns of divorce You have 15minutes to prepare to answer the 12 mark question on p.89
16 What are the consequences of divorce? Income?Impact on children?Emotional support?What are the consequences of divorce?Remarriage?
17 Exam QuestionsDescribe one change in family size in Britain and explain why this change has occurred.(5 marks)Describe how the pattern of divorce has changed in Britain over the last 50 years and explain why this pattern has occurred. (5 marks)Describe one possible consequence of divorce for husbands and explain how this may have an effect on them. (5 marks)Discuss how far sociologists would agree that marriage is still considered important in modern British society. (12 marks)
18 Plenary Turn each point above into a 5 mark question! Key concepts revised todayDescribe & explain changes in the pattern of divorce since 1945 & consequence of divorce for family members & structuresDescribe & explain changes in patterns of fertility & expectations of lifeTurn each point above into a 5 mark question!
19 Session 3 – What is a family? Key concepts revised todayDescribe & explain role & authority relationships (e.g. men/women, parent/children, members of wider family)Explain different sociological approaches to the family (functionalist, marxist, feminist, new right)Starter: In a ‘cereal packet’ family, who is more likely to…Clean the bathroom?Take the bins out?Wash the car?Do the ironing?Manage the money?Listen to your problems?Look after family pets?
20 Family roles match up Segregated conjugal roles The idea that all are equalSegregated conjugal rolesIntegrated conjugal rolesEgalitarianSymmetrical familyDomestic division of labourA family where responsibilities & tasks are equally sharedWhen husband & wife do not share housework, childcare, decisions & leisure timeHow household tasks are divided between family membersWhen husband & wife share childcare, housework & both are involved in paid employment
21 Using the information on pp60-61, answer the following questions: What do sociologists mean by the symmetrical family? (4marks)Identify two reasons for the rise of the symmetrical family (2marks)Describe one reason for the rise of the symmetrical family and explain an advantage of this change (5 marks)Extension: Discuss how far sociologists would agree that the rise of the symmetrical family is due to changes in the law (12 marks)
22 Sociological perspectives on the family Using the information on p36-37, write a short summary of the Functionalist, Marxist, New Right and Feminist views on the familyComplete task 1 on p.37Extension: Have a look at the example of a 4 mark answer. Rewrite the answer so to make it up to 4 marks.
23 Exam QuestionsExplain what sociologists mean by authority relationships in families. (4 marks)Describe one way in which relations between parents and children have changed in the last 30 years or so and explain why this change has happened. (5 marks)Describe one change in the role of women in families and explain why this change has occurred. (5 marks)Describe the feminist approach to the family and explain how this approach is different from other sociological approaches. (5 marks)Discuss how far sociologists would agree that the roles of men and women in families have changed significantly in the past 50 years. (12 marks)Discuss how far sociologists would agree that there is equality between men and women in the family. (12 marks)Discuss how far sociologists would agree that the wider extended family is becoming less important in society today. (12 marks)