Presentation on theme: " Think waaayy back to last class period. Re- create the “scale” of Union & Confederate advantages to the best of your ability. Once you have recreated."— Presentation transcript:
Think waaayy back to last class period. Re- create the “scale” of Union & Confederate advantages to the best of your ability. Once you have recreated the scale, explain which side had the greatest advantage going into the war, and why.
Recall as much as you possibly can about what we talked about last period and write it down. Once you have remembered all you can, go back into your notes and fill in your recollections with main topics or key events that you missed.
North: Abraham Lincoln - Military Leaders - Gen. Irwin McDowell - Gen. George B. McClellan - Gen. Ulysses S. Grant - Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman South: Jefferson Davis - Military Leaders - Gen. Robert E. Lee - Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
South - Survive until the North tires - Union expected quick victory North - Anaconda Plan (Gen. Winfield Scott) 1. Blockade Southern ports 2. Capture the Miss. & divide the South 3. Squeeze until South surrenders
April 1861: Ft. Sumter July 1861: 1 st Battle of Bull Run - Realized war wouldn’t be quick & easy Sept. 1862: Antietam - Bloodiest day of the war Jan. 1863: Emancipation Proclamation - “Freed” slaves in areas of rebellion only - Re-defined the purpose of the war
May-July 1863: Vicksburg - Grant secures the Mississippi River - Phase 2 of Anaconda Plan complete July 1863: Gettysburg - Bloodiest battle of the war - 3 days: 50,000+ casualties - Turning point: 1/3 of Lee’s army is lost - Gettysburg Address: refocuses warGettysburg Address
Fall 1864: Sherman’s March to the Sea - Gen. Sherman wages total war - Destroys infrastructure (railroads, etc.) - Destroys resources (crops, homes, etc.) - Goal: kill South’s desire to fight April 9, 1865: Appomattox Courthouse - Grant surrounds Lee, forces surrender April 14, 1865: Lincoln Assassinated - John Wilkes Booth: attempt to re-start fight - Actual impact?
Map of Union and Confederate states, including major battles and campaigns