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**Metric System of Measurement Add to your note-card book! **

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Metric System The Metric system of measurement was created about two hundred years ago by a group of French scientists to simplify measurement.

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**Length: Base unit in the metric system is the Meter.**

The measured distance from one end to the other of an object.

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1 meter (1m)

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1 meter (1m) or the length of a baseball bat

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**About the thickness of a dime**

1 millimeter (1 mm) About the thickness of a dime

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1 centimeter (1 cm)

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1 kilometer (1 km)

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**OR About the length of 10 football fields**

1 kilometer (1 km) OR About the length of 10 football fields

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**Mass: Base unit in the metric system is the Gram.**

A quantity of matter.

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1 gram (1 g)

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1 gram (1 g) or the mass of a paperclip

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**About the mass of a grain of sand**

1 milligram (1 mg) About the mass of a grain of sand

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1 kilogram (1 kg)

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1 kilogram (1 kg) or the mass of your textbook

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**Volume / Capacity Base unit in the metric system is the Liter.**

Space included within limits as measured Base unit in the metric system is the Liter.

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1 liter (1 L) 1 liter of coke

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1 liter (1 L)

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**Capacity of an eyedropper**

1 milliliter (1 mL or 1 ml) Capacity of an eyedropper

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1 milliliter (1 mL or 1 ml)

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1 kiloliter (1kL or 1 kl) About the capacity of 4 bathtubs

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**Temperature: Base unit in the metric system is the Celsius.**

The degree of hotness or coldness of something Base unit in the metric system is the Celsius.

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degree Celsius (°C)

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**What would you use to measure:**

the length of a car? the length of your desk? the mass of your pencil? the mass of a teenager? the capacity of a school milk carton? the capacity of a swimming pool?

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**What would you use to measure:**

the length of a car? - meter the length of your desk? - centimeter the mass of your pencil? - gram the mass of a teenager? - kilogram the capacity of a school milk carton? - centiliter the capacity of a swimming pool? - kiloliter

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**In the metric system, each of the common kinds of measure –**

length, weight, capacity Each has one basic unit of measure To measure smaller amounts, divide the basic unit into parts of ten, a hundred, or a thousand, and so on. To measure larger amounts, multiply the basic unit by ten, a hundred, or a thousand, and so on.

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**1 kilogram (kg) = 1000 grams (g) 1 milligram (mg) = .001 gram (g)**

Length: 1 kilometer (km) = 1000 meters (m) 1 centimeter (cm) = .01 meter (m) 1 millimeter (mm) = .001 meter (m) Capacity: 1 milliliter = .001 liter (l) Weight: 1 kilogram (kg) = 1000 grams (g) 1 milligram (mg) = .001 gram (g) Kilo means thousand (1000) Hecto means hundred (100) Deca means ten (10) Deci means one-tenth (1/10) Centi means one-hundredth (1/100) Milli means one-thousandth (1/1000)

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**Kilo hecto deca UNIT deci centi milli **

When making metric conversions, arrange the prefixes from largest to smallest: Kilo hecto deca UNIT deci centi milli

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**King Henry Died by drinking Choc Milk**

Another way to remember might be King Henry Died by drinking Choc Milk Kilo hecto deca UNIT deci centi milli

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SI Units and Standards of Measurement

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