Presentation on theme: "County Unit System The 1917 Neil Primary Act established a county unit system for political primaries. At this time in Georgia, the Democratic Party was."— Presentation transcript:
1 County Unit SystemThe 1917 Neil Primary Act established a county unit system for politicalprimaries. At this time in Georgia, the Democratic Party was the only activepolitical party in the state. This meant that the outcome of the primaryelections and the general elections were usually the same.Under the county unit system, the winner of the popular vote in each county received the “unit” votes for that county.This system gave each county a given number of “units” based on the size of the populationSmaller, rural areas had more voting units per person than the large urban areas.
2 Eight Most Populous Counties, 1920 Fulton County232,606Chatham County100,032Bibb County71,304Richmond County63,692Muscogee County44,195Dekalb County44,051Floyd County39,841Laurens County39,605Total Unit Votes8 X 6 votes= 48unitsThe next 30 counties had4 county unit votes= 120The remaining 121 countieshad 2 county unit votes=242**The 38 largest counties had2/3 of Georgia’s voters, butThe other 121 countiestogether could decide a stateelection.
3 Look at the table below and explain what is unfair about the county unit system.
4 Those Who Opposed the County Unit System Mostly urban citizensCounty Unit System concentrated political power in the hands of rural counties even though the population growth in GA was in the cities and urban areas.It allowed people to be elected to office without a majority of the state’s popular vote.
5 Those Who were in favor of the county unit vote The County Unit System was fair because it allowed the smaller and less populated counties to have the same power and influence as the larger counties