2 Map of CanadaWhat is the impact of location on the country of Canada?
3 Canada’s location Located north of the United States Second largest country in the worldBordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the East, The Pacific Ocean on the west and the Arctic on the north
4 The LandTowering mountains, clear lakes, and lush forests make Canada's far west a region of great natural beauty.Farther inland, fields of wheat and other grains cover vast prairies in the central western part of CanadaIn the north are arctic wastelandslargest population centers and industrial areas are near the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River in central eastern CanadaFishing villages in the east bordering the Atlantic Ocean
5 Climatevaries from temperate in south to sub arctic and arctic in north
6 History and Development of Canada SS6H4 Students will describe the impact of European contact on CanadaEssential question- What is the influence of the English and the French on Canada?
7 History First inhabitants came from Asia 15,000 years ago Europeans who settled Canada came mainly from Great Britain and FranceCanada came to be ruled by Great Britain from 1763 until 1931Many French speaking people settled in Quebec- a province
8 PopulationSpeak English and French because of the influence of exploration by the French and BritishOttawa in the province of Ontario is the capitol of CanadaGreatest area of population located around the Great Lakes and the St Lawrence waterwayPicture ofToronto, Canada'slargest city andchief center ofindustry
10 Government Government is a constitutional monarchy King or queen of United Kingdom is head of state and symbolic leader, but very little real powerHas a parliamentary democracy- people elect members of parliamentParliament chooses the prime minister, chief executive of country and head of military
11 Government ContinuedPrime minister leads the sessions of parliament
12 Distribution of power in Canada Federal governmentPower divided between central government and ten provincesMen and women 18 years and older may vote, but are not required to voteLevel of freedom is among the highest in the world
13 Economy Known for fertile farmland and rich natural resources Manufacturing, farming, service industries are major economic activitiesGovernment in Canada plays more direct role in economy- government provides health careNAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement- United States, Canada, and Mexico formed this to remove trade barriers
14 Literacy Ratedefinition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 99% literate
15 Contemporary issues in Canada Quebec’s Independent Movement Important part of CanadaElectronics and computer industries based in QuebecSome people in Quebec want to form an independent countryPeople in Quebec are afraid French language and cultural practices will be lostLaws have been passed to protect the language and cultural heritage in QuebecSeparatists- those who want an independent Quebec