Presentation on theme: "The Louisiana Purchase and The Lewis and Clark Expedition Abbie King Bobby James Maya Robertson Ivana Kallova."— Presentation transcript:
The Louisiana Purchase and The Lewis and Clark Expedition Abbie King Bobby James Maya Robertson Ivana Kallova
Table of Contents Slides 2-3: Where? Slides 4-5: Who? Slides 6-8: How? Slide 9: When? Slides 10-11: Lewis and Clark Expedition Slide 12: Impact on Westward Expansion Slide 13: Works Cited
Where? What states did the territory include? The Louisiana Purchase included all currently 14 states and 2 Canadian provinces: --Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado, east of the Continental Divide, and Louisiana, including New Orleans
Who? Who negotiated the transfer of Louisiana from France to the United States? Robert R. Livingston and James Monroe -negotiators, negotiated with France how Thomas Jefferson wanted the Mississippi River and New Orleans. Thomas Jefferson was the president during the purchase of the Louisiana Territory. Napoleon Bonaparte wanted to recapture Louisiana from Spain.
Thomas Jefferson Napoleon Bonaparte James Monroe Robert Livingston
How? How did the U.S. gain the Louisiana Territory? In 1800, Napoleon signed the Treaty of San Ildefonso with Spain to gain the Louisiana Territory. Jefferson was concerned with the possibility of Napoleon closing the Mississippi River to U.S. trade. Jefferson sent Livingston to negotiate the purchase of New Orleans, parts of the east bank of the Mississippi, and free navigation of the river for trade. Pressured by a revolution in Haiti, Napoleon offered the U.S. the entire Louisiana territory for funds to continue his war efforts.
How? Livingston and Monroe took advantage of the offer without waiting for approval from Jefferson. The U.S. purchased 828,000 square miles for $15 million or 60 million Francs. Jefferson was surprised by the purchase, but agreed because of his support for westward expansion. Although the Federalist party objected, the Senate ratified the treaty in the fall of 1803.
When? What time period did the purchase take place? April 11, 1803-French minister Talleyrand offered the entire Louisiana Territory. April 30, 1803-U.S. and France finalized negotiations over Louisiana. November 29, 1803-Ceremony of Transfer held in New Orleans. August 31, 1803-Lewis and Clark’s journey began to explore west of the Mississippi River.
Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804-1806 Led by U.S. army soldiers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Searched the west for available resources and to update geological maps. Congress loaned $2,500 toward the expedition. Jefferson sent a letter to Lewis telling him to explore the west rivers to find the most practical waterway for commerce. Lewis was the original leader and then invited his friend William Clark who was a second lieutenant.
Lewis and Clark Expedition They left Pittsburgh at 11:00 a.m. on August 31, 1803. A Shoshone woman named Sacagawea aided them on their journey as a guide and interpreter. They found 122 new species of animals and 178 new species of plants. It was also the first expedition of the U.S. to the west.
Impact Why is it important? The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States. Began interest in westward exploration and expansion.
Works Cited “Louisiana.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 2010. Web. 1 Nov. 2010. "The Louisiana Purchase." Louisiana State Museum. Louisiana State Museum, 2006. Web. 01 Nov. 2010... "Louisiana Purchase." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. U.S. National Park Service. Web. 02 Nov. 2010.. <http://www.nps.gov/archive/jeff/lewisclark2/circa1804/heritage/louisi anapurchase/louisianapurchase.htm>. “Lewis and Clark Expedition.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 2010. Web. 2 Nov. 2010.