Presentation on theme: "this video will explain!"— Presentation transcript:
1 this video will explain! The Maya Peopledid it all …this video will explain!
2 The MayaThe Big IdeaThe Maya developed an advanced civilization that thrived in Mesoamerica from about 250 until the 900s.Main IdeasGeography helped shape the lives of the early Maya.During the Classic Age, the Maya built great cities linked by trade.Maya culture included a strict social structure, a religion with many gods, and achievements in science and the arts.The decline of Maya civilization began in the 900s.
3 Main Idea 1: Geography helped shape the lives of the early Maya. The Maya civilization established itself in Mesoamerica from 1000 BC onward.They cleared forests to grow beans, squash, avocados, and maize, or corn.The Maya also hunted forest animals such as deer, rabbits, and monkeys.The early Maya lived in small, isolated villages that grew in size as trade increased.By AD 200 the Maya had begun to build large cities.
4 Main Idea 2: During the Classic Age, the Maya built great cities linked by trade. The Classic Age occurred between AD 250 and 900.During this age, Maya territory included over 40 large cities.Each city had its own king and government. There was no single ruler over the empire.
5 City LifeTradePeople exchanged goods for products not available locally.The highlands received cotton and cacao from the lowlands.The lowlands received valuable stones from the highlands.ArchitectureThe Maya had grand, decorated palaces.They built stone pyramids with temples.A temple in the city of Palenque honors the achievements of the king Pacal.The Maya built large canals and plazas.SportsEvery city had a stone court to play ball games.The winners of the games received jewels and clothing.The losers were often killed.
6 Main Idea 3: Maya culture included a strict social structure, a religion with many gods, and achievements in science and the arts.Social StructureThe king, thought to be related to the gods, held the highest position.The upper classes included priests, rich merchants, and noble warriors.The lower class was made up of farming families who lived outside the city.These families had to “pay” rulers with part of their crop.Men captured in battle became slaves.ReligionThe Maya worshipped many gods.Each god controlled a different aspect of life.The Maya pleased their gods by offering blood through body piercing or human sacrifice.
7 AchievementsThe Maya built large observatories to study the sky and plan a calendar.They developed a 365-day calendar for farming, more accurate than the European calendar, and a 260-day calendar for religious events.They were good mathematicians – among the first people to develop a symbol for zero.They developed a writing system that included both sounds and objects.Their art and architecture were created without the use of metal tools.
8 Main Idea 4: The Decline of Maya Civilization began in the 900s. Around AD 900 the Maya moved out of cities to the countryside.Historians think a number of factors caused this decline including:The common people, overburdened by the kings, may have rebelled.Increased war between the cities might have disrupted trade and caused people to flee the cities.The Maya might have not been able to produce enough food to feed everyone.Droughts might have decreased food supply.The Maya civilization did not disappear entirely and was later revived in the Yucatán Peninsula.