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9.1 *How Did Industrialization Impact The American Economy?

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Presentation on theme: "9.1 *How Did Industrialization Impact The American Economy?"— Presentation transcript:

1 9.1 *How Did Industrialization Impact The American Economy?
Interdependent Regional Markets Households Consumer Capitalism Technology Improved Transportation Communication Production { Invest – Own Risk Profit

2 *Manifest Destiny: ID Trails
Santa Fe - trade Utah - Mormons Oregon By 1846 >10,000 Americans in Oregon Territory “54’ 40’ or fight” 49th parallel Map p283

3 9.2 *ID America’s “Manifest Destiny” & its Motives
Physical expansion to our natural borders Geography / God / Destiny (Chauvinism) An “Empire of Liberty” Economic Development Land for a growing nation National Security, Nationalism Opportunity (Panic of 1837) Expansion of slavery

4 *Describe N. American Relations
Black Hawk War - NA resistance east of the Miss. R ends Treaty of Fort Laramie 1851 Plains Indians - Apache, Cheyenne, Sioux, Lakota - “middle ground” - “Make a Treaty; Break a Treaty”

5 9.3 *Describe Texas as a Province of Mexico
Spanish Mission System Collapsed after the Mex. Rev (1820) --the “Presidio” Mexican Independence and the Monroe Doctrine Pop: N.A.’s , Mexican, Mestizo, Americans – (Tejanos) Far away from Mexico, Closer to US 1820’s: Empresarios (Moses Austin) - Land Agents bought and sold land in Texas - Agreement when you buy: become Mexican citizens - obey Mexican laws, pay taxes become catholic

6 - recruit Americans- “old 300”
- Stephen Austin - by early 1830’s – 30K Americans in Texas - “GTT” resentment towards Americans in Texas grows: - Texans importing slavery into Texas, not complying with agreement, cultural differences, Mexico refuses US offers to buy Texas.

7 *Describe the Texan Rebellion 1835-36
Santa Anna’s (1830) policies toward Texas: cancelled land grants, cancelled constitution, jails S Austin,sent an army to San Antonio in response to Texan protests. Alamo1835, - Goliad ,1836 Sam Houston - Houston’s strategy - San Jacinto - 9/36 Treaty of Velasco established the Republic of Texas ( ) –the “Lone Star Republic” 1838 requested Annexation Tyler / Congress annex Texas 1844 12/45 – a state (Polk)

8 9.4 *Mexican War 1845-1848: Causes Polk :
Texas Annexation and Statehood Rio Grande / Nueces Border Dispute Slidell $$$ offer -- rejected Presence of American troops at the border War Hawks - Nationalism and Manifest Destiny - Slavery expansionists

9 *ID Military Efforts: too much to defend
Winfield Scott - central Mexico - Vera Cruz - Mexico City Stephen Kearny - SW US /northern Mexico - southern Calif. Zachary Taylor - northern Mexico - Monterrey - Buena Vista John Fremont - California

10 California’s Story Mexican territory until 1846
Rebellion led by americans with US military support - Kearney and Fremont - Republic of California –Sonoma- “ Bear Flag Republic” Gold discovered the “49ers” - San Francisco Sept applied for statehood – (1850) By 1850 population had grown to 85,000

11 *ID Results – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
Rio Grande is the border “Mexican Cession” --parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona, N Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming. US $15 Million to Mexico Mexico accepted US claims to Texas, California 1853: Gadsen purchase (10mil)

12 10.1 *ID the various developing opinions in America about the extension of Slavery into the “Mexican Cession” Sectionalism, Slavery + “The Mexican Cession”: Failure of the Wilmot Proviso (1846) Popular Sovereignty “Free Soilers” (1848) – (anti-expansionists) Missouri Compromise (1820)? Abolitionism Growing slave resistance in the south

13 *ID Sectional Issues that led to the Clay’s Compromise of 1850
California statehood Texas land dispute Washington DC New Mexico/Utah territories Nat’l Fugitive Slave Law -state laws

14 *Describe the Terms of the Compromise of 1850

15 *Growth of Anti-Slavery feelings & Abolitionism
“Personal Liberty” Laws in northern states Underground Railroad Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) - Harriett Beecher Stowe Fredrick Douglass - Narrative of the Life (1845)

16 *Describe the Kansas – Nebraska Act of 1854
Stephen Douglas’ motives: * his Presidential hopes - promotes Popular Sovereignty solution ( Slavery ≠ Northern Climate ) * his personal motives - Land / RR development from Chicago into the territories

17 K-N Act -1854 Kansas – Nebraska Territory organized
Popular Sovereignty Principle used to determine the slavery issue in each territory Based on Popular Sovereignty; in effect, repealing the Missouri Compromise 36/30 Line Resulted in “Bleeding Kansas”

18 What was “ Bleeding Kansas”
sponsored migration into Kansas by both sides mini civil war by vigilantes in Kansas territory to drive the other side out “Bleeding Kansas” -Lecompton (pro-slavery) -Topeka, Lawrence (free ) John Brown

19 10.3 *Creation of the Republican Party
Anti-Expansionists and Abolitionists from both Democratic and Whig - “Free Soilers” Presidential Election Trends - N / S - 1848, 1852, 1856 - 1860 p 320-Chart W

20 Northern Whigs Northern Democrats Free Soilers
Republican Whigs Free - Soilers 56 60 48 52 Lincoln (R) Taylor (W)/Fillmore Pierce (D) Buchanan (D) Southern Whigs Southern Democrats Democrats Democrats

21 Presidents 24-JQ Adams Nat’l Rep. 28/36- AJ Dem 36-Van Buren Dem
40-Harrison /Tyler Whig 44-Polk Dem 48-Taylor/Fillmore Whig 52-Pierce Dem 56-Buchanan Dem 60-Lincoln Rep.

22 10.4 *ID the Importance of: Dred Scott Case -1857
- slaves are property, not citizens; no standing in court - Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional - Roger Taney / CJ of SC –the 5th amendment Lecompton Constitution - it allowed for slaves in Kansas territory to be kept - it was rejected by the majority “Free” settlers in Kansas by vote - but then, supported by Pres. Buchanan Pg. 332 Taney

23 *Describe the Importance of the Lincoln – Douglas Debates
Illinois / 7 Lincoln -National Legislation to undo the Immoral System - for US Senate seat 1858 - after the Dred Scott decision Douglas - Popular Sovereignty concept cancels the Dred Scott ruling * ”there can be no slavery if the states don’t support it with their laws” - The Freeport Doctrine

24 b/c of the debates: Lincoln becomes nationally known as an anti-slave candidate Douglas loses southern support for his attempt at the presidency in 1860

25 1860 Election  Secession Nov 1860  March 1861 Buchanan  Lincoln
SC secedes 12/60 Miss 1/61 FL Ala GA 2/61 LA TEX Confederacy formed : 2 /61 VA 4/61 ARK, TENN, NC 5/61 ** Define : “Border States”

26 *ID Events of 1850-1860 Uncle Tom’s Cabin “Bleeding Kansas”
Charles Sumner Dred Scott Case Lecompton Constitution L / D debates John Brown 1860 Election Southern Secession Buchanan’s inaction

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