Noun noun - a person, thing, place, OR IDEA!! EX: mother, apple, love, group, or valley. – Proper (New York) – Common (mouse) – Collective (class) – Concrete (table) – Abstract (beauty)
***TIP*** Nouns are usually preceded with a NOUN INDICATOR: – A – AN – THE
PROPER NOUNS A proper noun always starts with a capital letter. EX: Jacob, United Nations, The Lion King, Africa, Tower of London, Uncle Peter
COMMON NOUNS A common noun is the word used for a class of person, place or thing. EX: car, boy, bridge, town, water
COLLECTIVE NOUNS A collective noun is the word used for a group (or collection) of people or things. EX: choir, team, jury, band, class
CONCRETE NOUNS A concrete noun names a person, place or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell). Examples: photograph, music, pears, sandpaper, rose, Brooklyn Bridge
ABSTRACT NOUNS An abstract noun names an idea, feeling, quality or characteristic Examples: love, fun, freedom, self-esteem, beauty, honor, wisdom, Buddhism
Some practice: Erica has high hopes for the future. What are the nouns? Which ones are abstract/concrete/proper/common? Can they be more than both??
An adjective is a word that modifies and describes (tells about a noun) – Think colorful, descriptive words A green bike A huge grapefruit Adjective
Verb A verb is a type of word that describes an action or a state of being. EX: wiggle, walk, run, jump, be, do, have, or think.
ActionLinkingBeing Something you do Cry, kiss, talk, eat Connector Feel, appear, grow, smell hear Forms of “is” and “are” Have been, were, is, am, was, be, being, been Types of Verbs
Adverb An adverb is a word that tells "how," "when," "where," or "how much.” Ex: easily, warmly, quickly, mainly, freely, often, and unfortunately. These OFTEN, but do not always end in –ly
Pronoun A pronoun is a substitute for a noun. Some pronouns are: I, me, she, hers, he, him, it, you, they, them, etc.
Preposition A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of one object to another (in terms of space, time, or positioning). The words above, near, at, by, after, with and from are prepositions. BEE and the BOX
Interjection An interjection is a word that expresses emotion. An interjection often starts a sentence but it can be contained within a sentence or can stand alone. Examples: Oh! Wow! Ugh! Hurray! Eh! and Ah!
Conjunction A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, clauses or sentences. Some conjunctions are: and, as, because, but, or, since, so, until, and while. ***FANBOYS – always use a comma when connecting two independent clauses
, FANBOYS F –, for A –, and N -, nor B -, but O –, or Y –, yet S –, so
Questions? 8 parts of speech or usage? Let's check answers to Ch. 4 TKAM summary