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Grammar 101 Woo Hoo! Parts of Speech The “math” of English AT/H English 9A 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Grammar 101 Woo Hoo! Parts of Speech The “math” of English AT/H English 9A 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grammar 101 Woo Hoo! Parts of Speech The “math” of English AT/H English 9A 2013

2 The 8 Parts of Speech Noun Verb Pronoun Adjective Adverb Preposition Interjection Conjunction


4 Noun noun - a person, thing, place, OR IDEA!! EX: mother, apple, love, group, or valley. – Proper (New York) – Common (mouse) – Collective (class) – Concrete (table) – Abstract (beauty)

5 ***TIP*** Nouns are usually preceded with a NOUN INDICATOR: – A – AN – THE

6 PROPER NOUNS A proper noun always starts with a capital letter. EX: Jacob, United Nations, The Lion King, Africa, Tower of London, Uncle Peter

7 COMMON NOUNS A common noun is the word used for a class of person, place or thing. EX: car, boy, bridge, town, water

8 COLLECTIVE NOUNS A collective noun is the word used for a group (or collection) of people or things. EX: choir, team, jury, band, class

9 CONCRETE NOUNS A concrete noun names a person, place or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell). Examples: photograph, music, pears, sandpaper, rose, Brooklyn Bridge

10 ABSTRACT NOUNS An abstract noun names an idea, feeling, quality or characteristic Examples: love, fun, freedom, self-esteem, beauty, honor, wisdom, Buddhism

11 Some practice: Erica has high hopes for the future. What are the nouns? Which ones are abstract/concrete/proper/common? Can they be more than both??

12 An adjective is a word that modifies and describes (tells about a noun) – Think colorful, descriptive words A green bike A huge grapefruit Adjective

13 Verb A verb is a type of word that describes an action or a state of being. EX: wiggle, walk, run, jump, be, do, have, or think.

14 ActionLinkingBeing Something you do Cry, kiss, talk, eat Connector Feel, appear, grow, smell hear Forms of “is” and “are” Have been, were, is, am, was, be, being, been Types of Verbs

15 Adverb An adverb is a word that tells "how," "when," "where," or "how much.” Ex: easily, warmly, quickly, mainly, freely, often, and unfortunately. These OFTEN, but do not always end in –ly

16 Pronoun A pronoun is a substitute for a noun. Some pronouns are: I, me, she, hers, he, him, it, you, they, them, etc.

17 Preposition A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of one object to another (in terms of space, time, or positioning). The words above, near, at, by, after, with and from are prepositions. BEE and the BOX

18 Interjection An interjection is a word that expresses emotion. An interjection often starts a sentence but it can be contained within a sentence or can stand alone. Examples: Oh! Wow! Ugh! Hurray! Eh! and Ah!

19 Conjunction A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, clauses or sentences. Some conjunctions are: and, as, because, but, or, since, so, until, and while. ***FANBOYS – always use a comma when connecting two independent clauses

20 , FANBOYS F –, for A –, and N -, nor B -, but O –, or Y –, yet S –, so

21 Questions? 8 parts of speech or usage? Let's check answers to Ch. 4 TKAM summary

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