Presentation on theme: " End Marks Commas Semicolons Colons. Use commas to separate items in a series. Use commas to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun."— Presentation transcript:
Use commas to separate items in a series. Use commas to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun. HINT: If you can say the word and between the adjectives and the sentence makes sense, you need a comma. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so= FANBOYS) when it joins independent clauses in a compound sentence.
Use commas to set off an expression that interrupts a sentence. Use commas to set off nonessential participial phrases and nonessential subordinate clauses. Nonessential- means it is not needed to understand the basic meaning of the sentence Ex: This small turtle, crossing the street slowly, was in danger. Ex: All farmers growing the new hybrid corn should have a good harvest.
Use commas to set off words of direct address. EX: Do you know, Bob, when the team is leaving? Use commas to set off parenthetical expressions. EX: Leah, I believe, will have the highest average at the end of the year. EX: I believe Leah will have the highest average at the end of the year. (Why don’t I have commas??)
Set off words such as well, oh, why, yes, no when they come at the beginning of a sentence. Use a comma after introductory prepositional, participial, and infinitive phrases. EX: In the morning, they are going hiking. EX: Studying all night long, Bob finally drifted off to sleep. EX: To perform well in games, be sure to come to practice each day. EX: To perform well in games is Bob’s goal.
Use commas to separate items in dates and addresses. My old address was 250 Dolphin Lane, Miami, FL 32523. Dear Bob, Friday, June 1, 2012
Use between independent clauses when they are not joined by FANBOYS. Use between independent clauses when they are joined by a word other than FANBOYS. EX: English was Lou’s hardest subject; accordingly, he gave it more time than any other subject. Use to separate independent clauses joined by FANBOYS if the clauses already contain commas. EX: Our strongest defensive players are Carlos, Will, and Jared; and Kareem and Matt are excellent on offense.
Understanding comma rules and semicolon rules, you can avoid run-on sentences in your writing. 3 ways to avoid run-ons: Use a comma with a FANBOYS Use a semicolon Split into 2 separate sentences