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©2010 Pearson Education Public Speaking Handbook: 3 rd edition Appendix B The Classical Tradition Of Rhetoric This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: · any public performances or display, including transmission of any image over a network; · preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; · any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
©2010 Pearson Education The Earliest Teachers of Rhetoric Corax (476 B.C.) Doctrine of general probability. Focused on likelihood of guilt. Public speaking skills to defend ones self in courts.
©2010 Pearson Education Beginning of the Greek Tradition: The Sophists Skilled speakers won in courts. Sophist: “wisdom bearer.” Helped train people. Some wrote speeches (logographers). Antiphon (480 - 411 B.C.). Lysias (459 - 380 B.C.).
©2010 Pearson Education Beginning of the Greek Tradition: The Sophists Some trained people to be eloquent. Protagoras (481 - 411 B.C.). Gorgias (485 - 380 B.C.). Some trained people to be statesmen. Isocrates (436 - 338 B.C.) helped to promote wisdom in his students.
©2010 Pearson Education Beginning of the Greek Tradition: The Sophists Isocrates’ three keys to success: Natural ability. Ability refined through practice and experience. Education in philosophy as well as rhetoric. Some criticized sophists of focusing more on form, and less on content.
©2010 Pearson Education Plato Lived from 469 to 399 B.C. The biggest critic of the sophists. Was a student of Socrates. Writings focused on: Psychology. Logic. Rhetoric. Platonic (Socratic) Method: helped determine the “truth.”
©2010 Pearson Education Plato Rhetoric: a means of using language to influence the minds of listeners, not just those in the courts. Truth exists on several levels: Doxa - observed human senses (least reliable). Episteme - “true” knowledge, from philosophical inquiry (most reliable).
©2010 Pearson Education Aristotle Lived from 384 to 322 B.C. Founded the Lyceum school. His Rhetoric was the earliest discussion of speechmaking. Had philosophy of Plato, and practical suggestions of the Sophists. Believed rhetoric was an art – a system that could be taught.
©2010 Pearson Education Aristotle Defined rhetoric as: “the faculty of discovering, in any given case, the available means of persuasion.” Three means of persuasion: Ethos - credibility Logos - reasoning Pathos - emotions
©2010 Pearson Education Aristotle Said there were different situations (“given cases”) for a speech: Deliberative – legislative speaking (decide on a course of action) Forensic – speaking in courts (judge a person’s past action) Epideictic – ceremonial oratory (praise or blame the speech subject) Situations were determined by the role of listeners.
©2010 Pearson Education The Roman Tradition Roman educational systems prepared citizens to speak in legislatures & courts. Progymnasmata: written & spoken exercises. Schools of rhetoric focused on 5 arts: Invention – gather evidence Arrangement – organize ideas Style – use of language Memory – recall ideas when speaking Delivery – nonverbal skills
©2010 Pearson Education The Roman Tradition Cicero Ideal orator: a learned philosopher-statesman. Public Speaking: intended for the good of the state. A true orator is a fully educated person. Quintilianus Stressed moral & ethical uses of rhetoric. Believed the ideal orator was “a good man speaking well.”
If this is a lecture on Rhetoric, do I have to come up with answers? (A short lesson on the power of the written and spoken word, and images)
Persuasion Persuasive Public Speaking. Persuasive Public Speaking is Oral communication designed to influence the attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors of.
Chapter 14 Speaking to Inform This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2009 Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach – 7 th edition Chapter 5 Analyzing Your Audience This multimedia product.
Rhetoric = The Art of Persuasion The history of rhetoric and the concepts of persuasion began in Greece.
THREE SCHOOLS OF ATHENIAN RHETORIC. Aristotle B.C. Plato B.C. Socrates B.C.
Working in Groups: 5 th edition This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: - any.
Persuasion Rhetoric: The art of persuasion.
Public Speaking Handbook 3rd edition
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2009 Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach – 7 th edition Chapter 4 Listening To Speeches This multimedia product and.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2009 Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach – 7 th edition Chapter 10 Introducing And Concluding Your Speech This multimedia.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2009 Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach – 7 th edition Chapter 3 Speaking Freely and Ethically This multimedia product.
Chapter 1 Overview of Public Speaking
Chapter one – public speaking, a long tradition
Copyright © 2013, 2010, 2007, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 16 Understanding Principles of Persuasive Speaking This multimedia.
The History of Rhetoric ENG4U1. What is Rhetoric? Rhetoric is the study of the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing Origin: Greek.
Understanding Human Differences 3rd Edition - Koppelman © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc Chapter Chapter 3 Communication,
Some Themes in Classical Greek Rhetoric. Greek Problems and Roman Problems.
Coach Mac. What is public Speaking? Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform,
The Forum: Aristotle’s Model of Communication. Who is Aristotle? A philosopher who lived in ancient Greece about 2300 years ago. He thought and wrote.
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