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  What is an argument?  What is persuasion?  What is the difference between the two? Bellringer.

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Presentation on theme: "  What is an argument?  What is persuasion?  What is the difference between the two? Bellringer."— Presentation transcript:

1   What is an argument?  What is persuasion?  What is the difference between the two? Bellringer

2 Argumentative and Persuasion

3   Persuasion is the attempt to get someone to do something or to think a certain way Persuasion

4   A fact is a statement that can be proven true  Example: Warren East Middle School is in Bowling Green, KY.  An opinion is a personal feeling or belief  Example: Warren East Middle School is the best school! Fact vs. Opinion

5   A bias is a subjective point of view (either positive or negative)  Example: Sally’s handwriting is so neat. She must be very smart. She deserves all A’s on her report card. Tommy’s handwriting is terrible. He must not be real smart. He deserves at least one D on his report card. Bias

6   Propaganda is the spreading of ideas in a way to force ideas onto others  Propaganda may include facts but not all of them  Propaganda usually distorts (slants) the facts  Propaganda can be misleading and dangerous Propaganda

7  bandwagontestimonial faulty cause and effectrepetition emotional wordsname-calling expert opinionstatistics Propaganda Techniques

8   uses the idea that everyone is doing something, and if you don’t, you’ll be left out  Example: Everyone’s talking about the new Shrek movie. Don’t be the only one who doesn’t see this blockbuster! Bandwagon

9   uses the name of a famous person to persuade  Example: Michael Jordan uses Hanes. Testimonial

10  Attempts to give the good qualities of something to something else Example: We use the same ingredients as the famous French restaurants. Transfer

11   repeats important information over and over  Example: Head On! Apply directly to the forehead. Head On! Apply directly to the forehead. Head On! Apply directly to the forehead. Repetition

12   Uses facts that involve numbers  Example:  9 out of 10 dentists recommend Colgate. Statistics

13   uses belittling words to show negative feelings toward something or someone  McDonalds vs. Burger King Name-Calling

14   uses words that appeal to people’s feelings  Example: Many people around the world are in desperate need. Poverty, death, disease, and disasters wreak havoc in the lives of millions. Many times little children are the ones who suffer the most from these problems, and they are the ones most desperately in need of your help. Help support Feed the Children! Emotional Words

15   slants facts to make it seem one event causes another event  Example: Wear Hollister jeans, and you’ll be the most popular kid in school. Faulty Cause and Effect

16   uses a knowledgeable person to convince others  Examples: dermatologists, dentists, doctors Expert Opinion

17   Point of view is the way the author allows you to "see" and "hear" what's going on.  Example:  1 st Person- I or We  2 nd Person- You (directions)  3 rd Person Point of View

18   The reason the writer has for writing.  Example:  To persuade  To form an argument Purpose

19   An argument is just a statement that someone believes is true or should be true.  Example:  Kids should be in school Monday through Saturday! Argument

20   An argument that expresses the opposite point of view.  Example:  Kids should not have to go to school on Saturdays. Counterargument

21   The level of trustworthiness and authority that a reader perceives a writer has on a subject and is one of the key characteristics of effective writing, particularly argumentative writing. Credibility

22   An argument is usually a main idea, often called a "claim" or "thesis statement," backed up with evidence that supports the idea. Claim

23   It is important or related to the argument. Relevant

24   Adequate- it provides enough support Sufficient

25   This is used to prove or disprove an argument. Evidence

26   Discussion of how two or more things are the same and how they are different. Compare/Contrast

27   The way someone understands an argument. Interpretation

28   Reliable, accurate, and trustworthy information  Example: National Holocaust Museum  Not creditable: Wikipedia Creditable Source

29   The connection (a word, phrase, clause, sentence, or entire paragraph) between two parts of a piece of writing, contributing to cohesion.  Transitional devices include pronouns, repetition, and transitional expressions. Transition

30   Textual evidence is evidence/support used to support an argument/position, and is derived from reading and drawing from other text.  It is provided in the form of quotation, paraphrase, descriptions of theory and also description. Textual Evidence

31   Assertions, arguments, conclusions, reasons, or intellectual processes that are persuasive because they are well founded in fact. Validity

32   Is the stealing of words, ideas, images, or creative works. Plagiarism, whether or not it is intentional, is looked upon as an academic crime. Plagiarism

33   A short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.  Used to emphasis a point typically. Anecdote

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