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Thinking Maps Objective: Saddleback staff will learn basic

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1 Thinking Maps Objective: Saddleback staff will learn basic
concepts about Thinking Maps

2 Thinking Maps Visual teaching tools that foster and encourage
lifelong learning Tools correspond with eight fundamental thinking processes

3 What are Thinking Maps? • Visual Patterns • 8 cognitive skills
TM, developed by Dr. David Heyrle, are visual teaching tools that foster and encourage lifelong learning. They are based on a simple yet profound insight: The one common instructional thread that binds together all teachers, from Kinder though postgraduate school, is that they all teach the same thought processes. Based on well-accepted academic study and Brain research, the 8 TM tools correspond to 8 FUNDAMENTAL thinking processes More than simple task-specific graphic organizers, these tools can be used individually or in various combinations to form a COMMON VISUAL LANGUAGE for students and teachers, at all grade levels, in all subjects.

4 Brain Research Marzano Hyerle’s Cognitive Research Multiple Intelligence Theory

5 Why Thinking Maps? Researchers at Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL) have identified nine instructional strategies that are most likely to improve student achievement across all content areas and across all grade levels. Classroom Instruction That Works, by Robert Marzano, Debra Pickering, and Jane Pollock.

6 Nine Instructional Strategies
Comparing and Contrasting Classifying Seeing Analogies 6

7 Brain and Culture "...Individuals seek out stimulation that is consistent with their established internal structures, and ignore, forget, or attempt to actively discredit information that is consistent with these structures.” Brain and Culture: Neurobiology, Ideology, and Social Change, by Bruce Wexler

8 Multiple Intelligence Theory (Howard Gardner)
• Intrapersonal Intelligence “…involving the capacity to understand oneself, to have an effective model of oneself, including desires, fears, and capacities - and to use such information effectively in regulating one’s own life.” "Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences”, by Howard Gardner

9 Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
• Interpersonal Intelligence “To understand the intentions, motivations, and desires of other people and, consequently, to work effectively with others.” Interpersonal Intelligence is more concerned with relationships, a key intelligence for teachers as they create a collaborative learning environment. We need to understand how each student learns so that they can use their individual learning strengths in groups. In doing so, students need to become aware of their personal intelligences by metacognitive reflection and teacher and peer feedback. The use of TM as an open space for co-construction provides a common frame for students to act out their styles in pursue of a common product. "Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences”, by Howard Gardner

10 Thinking Foundation
• research on cognitive and critical thinking skills development at the pre-school, K-12 and college levels • supporting research that investigates and facilitates change in public schools with great academic need. • research that looks at the interdependency and interplay of culture, language, and cognition.

11 Overview of Thinking Maps

12 The Circle Map Defining in Context

13 Saddleback & Lathrop Teachers
Saddleback Students Saddleback & Lathrop Teachers High School Teacher Respected among students Disciplinarian GovernmentEconomics Steve Army Reserve Loves motorcycles Friendship Mentor 13

14 Adding a Frame of Reference
How do you know what you know about this topic? Did your information come from a specific source? Is this information being influenced by a specific point of view? Who could use this information? Why is this information important? 14


16 The Bubble Map Describing

17 Comparing and Contrasting
The Double Bubble Map Comparing and Contrasting 17

18 The Tree Map Classifying

19 The Brace Map Whole to Parts

20 The Flow Map Sequencing

21 The Multi-Flow Map Cause and Effect

22 The Bridge Map Seeing Analogies

23 Graphic Organizers vs. Thinking Maps
Although many of these graphics are so familiar to all of us, many teachers over-scaffold providing sometimes information in a way that students can fill in blanks without even thinking.

24 Brain Research Marzano Hyerle’s Cognitive Research Multiple Intelligence Theory

25 Benefits Students learn more effectively and more efficiently
Objectives are covered in less time with greater retention Thought processes are represented similarly throughout the curricula Schools promote integrated thinking and interdisciplinary learning Teachers can use TM as one more strategy to gauge student knowledge prior to a specific lesson Students gain effective tools to use across their academic careers


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