Presentation on theme: "Ch. 3 Accounting for Cash. Change fund (cash register) Established by writing check to person in charge of the fund. They cash check put in the cash Asset."— Presentation transcript:
Change fund (cash register) Established by writing check to person in charge of the fund. They cash check put in the cash Asset account found after Cash In Bank in chart of accounts – 100 account Debit Normal Any overage or shortage recorded in “Cash Short and Over”
Cash Short and Over Temporary account No normal balance Shorts recorded as debits – is an expense Overage recorded as credit – revenues Closes to the income summary account 600 account -- expenses
Petty Cash Used instead of writing checks for small amounts Postage, deliveries, cleaning supplies Listed after cash fund in chart of accounts Only Debited when created or increased Payments recorded with voucher or receipts Held with petty cash until replenished Shorts or overs recorded in “Cash Short and Over”
Petty Cash Replenished Petty Cash Fund Balance $75
Marketable Securities Short term investments < 12 months Treasuries, corporate securities Purchased with excess cash A controlling asset account Ledgers hold detail info of each investment Type, purchase date, total cost, maturity date Interest earned on securities is recorded as a credit in Interest Income Interest Income is a Revenue account
ACC REC / Collections When Receivables are not The Direct Write-Off Method The Allowance method Uncollectable Accounts Expense – Expense Account in COA – Used to record uncollectable accounts Writing Off Reinstating
The Matching Principle Revenues should be matched with the expenses incurred in generating that revenue Any uncollectable amounts should be reported in the same period of the sale. Sometimes you must estimate the amount uncollectible at the end of the period. Estimates of uncollectable accounts are adjustments at the end of the period
The Allowance method Most large businesses use this method Accounts receivable can not be used Because you do not know who wont pay Use “Allowance for Uncollectable Accounts” A contra account Credit normal balance Acc. Rec. – Allowance for Uncollectable Acc. = book value of Acc. Rec.
Estimating Uncollectable Accounts Creating a reservoir of Allowance for Uncoll. Accts. Filling up the credit side to use when we actually write off an account
Writing off Uncollectable Accounts Using the reservoir to write off.
Estimating Uncollectible Accounts Expense Percentage of Net Sales Method Multiply Net sales by estimated amount not collected Percentage is based on historical collections data Net sales = sales – sales discounts –sales returns and allowances
Estimating Uncollectible Accounts Expense The Aging of Accounts Receivable Method Based on the due date for each customer Classified by age past due Each age group has an estimated percentage rate not collected Each Age group is multiplied by estimated rate Results of all age groups are totaled The total is the balance of Allowance for Uncollectable Accounts
Installment Accounts Receivable Installment Sales Usually a down payment Monthly minimum payments including interest 2 Revenue Accounts used Installment Sales – includes the sale amount Finance Charge Income – includes income from interest Installment Accounts Receivable Controlling asset account for the subsidiary ledgers