Presentation on theme: "Ecosystems Definition: an ecosystem is a complex, self-regulating system in which biotic and abiotic things interact with each other."— Presentation transcript:
Ecosystems Definition: an ecosystem is a complex, self-regulating system in which biotic and abiotic things interact with each other.
Self-Regulating means…. That the interactions that occur within the ecosystems keep it healthy and sustainable – The interactions that occur are between biotic and abiotic components of the ecosystem
Ecosystems vary in size (from a drop of water to the entire ocean) Size is NOT important – what matters is whether the ecosystem is a complete system – Does it have???? Organisms within it Matter to help the organisms live Abiotic factors – sunlight for example
Is this drop of water a complete ecosystem? Yes! Contains bacteria and microscopic algae Contains matter for the organisms to live Receives sunlight – provides energy for the algae to grow As new bacteria are produced, some die, and are recycled to provide nourishment for the living bacteria
Ecosystems can exist within larger ecosystems A Forest Ecosystem has a… Stream ecosystem Rotting log ecosystem Soil ecosystem Living tree ecosystem Living plant ecosystem Water drop ecosystem All these ecosystems are interconnected, and the forest ecosystem is also part of a larger ecosystem.
Similar ecosystems combine to form… biomes. A biome is a large geographical region that contains similar ecosystems – On land they are grouped by the types of plants and their climate Canada has 5 types of “terrestrial” (land based) biomes – Deciduous forests, boreal forests, tundra, grasslands, temperate coniferous forests – In the water there are two main groups: marine and freshwater