2 1. CharacterizationMeaning – Characterization is the way writers develop characters in a storyTwo types –Direct CharacterizationIndirect Characterization
3 CharacterizationHow does detailed characterization help make a story better?It seems to me that detailed characterization helps to make a story better because…
4 2. Direct Characterization Meaning – when the writer directly tells the reader what a character is likeExampleSherlock Holmes is clever and resourceful.Dracula is an evil vampire.
5 3. Indirect Characterization Meaning – When the writer gives the reader clues about the character by describing how the character acts and thinks.The writer allows the reader to decide how to view the character.
6 Direct vs Indirect Characterization Why do you think it might be harder to understand indirect characterization than direct characterization?It seems to me that it might be harder to understand indirect characterization than direct characterization because…
7 Direct Characterization Example Billy Bob is one mean and nasty guy. Seriously, he will punch you if he sees you looking at him. He likes to fight and you don’t want to mess with him.Notice – in the above example. The writer is TELLING you what Billy Bob is like. This is direct characterization.
8 Indirect Characterization Example As he left school Billy Bob walked down the block aggressively shooting mean looks to anyone who glanced his way, daring anyone to meet his eyes. He even looked at passing cars with a nasty glance. As if he believed he could take on a two-ton vehicle and win. As he came to the crosswalk a puppy slowly passed in front of him. Billy Bob leaned down, as if to pet the animal, but as the dog lovingly curled up next to one of his legs he reared back and kicked the animal as hard as he could, sending it flying through the air whining. Billy Bob violently smirked and kept walkingNotice – in the above example. The writer is SHOWING you what Billy Bob is like. This is indirect characterization.
9 4. Protagonist Meaning – the main character Example Alice from Alice in WonderlandTarzan from TarzanCinderalla from Cinderella
10 ProtagonistWho is the protagonist of your favorite book, movie, or story?My favorite protagonist is the character ______.
11 5. AntagonistMeaning – the character that the protagonist struggles againstThe “bad guy”Example:Captain Hook from Peter PanThe Big Bad Wolf from The Three Little Pigs
12 Antagonist Who is an antagonist who you greatly dislike? One antagonist who I greatly dislike is ______, because _________.
13 6. Subordinate Characters Meaning – characters who do not play major roles in a storyExample:Extras in a movieThe evil step-sisters from Cinderella
14 7. Motivations Meaning – the reason why a character does something ExampleIn Cinderella, the prince’s motivation for searching for the owner of the glass slipper is love.
15 8. Round CharactersRound characters are well developed characters. The author tells the reader a lot about the character.
16 Round CharacterIn your opinion is a round character more likely to be a protagonist or a subordinate character?In my opinion, a round character is more likely to be a ______________.
17 9. Flat CharactersFlat characters are not developed. Readers know very little about them.Usually a minor character
18 Flat CharacterIn your opinion is a flat character more likely to be a protagonist or a subordinate character?In my opinion, a flat character is more likely to be a ______________.
19 10. Dynamic Dy-na-mic (adjective) – describing word Meaning – changing; able to do many thingsExampleDynamic students are able to get good grades in many of their classes.It is good for teachers to be dynamic, so that they can help their students with many subjects.
20 Dynamic Why do bosses like to have dynamic workers? It seems to me that bosses like to have dynamic workers because…
21 11. Dynamic CharacterMeaning – a character who changes during the course of story.Often the change involves learning a major lessonExample:Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol learns to be more generous.
22 12. Static Sta-tic (adjective) – describing word Meaning – not changingExampleIf employees do not work hard, they will remain static in their careers.If you are getting bad grades and you do not turn in make-up work, your scores will remain static.
23 StaticIf a student has bad grades, what is one way to make sure that his scores do not remain static?If a student has bad grades, one way for him to make sure that they do not remain static is to…
24 13. Static CharacterMeaning – A character who does not change during the story
25 14. DialogueMeaning – Conversations that characters have among each other.Usually indicated by quotation marks.