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Anatomy and Physiology Defined

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1 Anatomy and Physiology Defined

2 Levels of Organization
Anatomy and Physiology Atoms/ChemicalsCellsTissueOrganOrgan SystemsOrganism Ecology OrganismP_______________C___________Ecosystem

3 Atoms to Cells Nerve Cell Protons & Neutrons Ameoba Animal Cell
Muscle Cell Plant Cell Electrons

4 Cells to Tissues Cardiac Muscle Tissue Cell in ________
Single Cells Join to Make Tissue

5 Individual Cardiac Tissues
A single Organ (heart) Tissues to Organs Join Together Individual Cardiac Tissues

6 Organs to Organ Systems
Cardiovascular System Artery Vein Capillaries Heart

7 Organisms  Organ Systems  ? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? Skeletal, digestive, muscular, nervous, circulatory, urinary ? ? ?

8 11 Organ Systems Integumentary System-Skin Skeletal System-Bones
Muscular System-Muscles Nervous System-Nerves, Brain, Spinal Cord Endocrine System-Pituitary, Thyroid, Adrenals, Pancreas, and other hormone producers Cardiovascular System-Heart, Vessels, Capillaries Lymphatic System-L___________,S____________, T_________ and other Blood (cleaning) related organs Respiratory System-Nasal, Larynx, Bronchi, Lungs Digestive System-Tube from Mouth to Anus Urinary (Excretory)-K___________, B______________ Urethra, Ureter Reproductive-Testis, Ovary, Penis, Uterus, Vagina

9 Systems 5&7 Endocrine Lymphatic Series of Organs that produce HORMONES
Hormones regulate Growth, Metabolism, and Sexual Development Hormones are released from organs into bloodstream for transport Is involved in the DEFENSE of the body Generates ANTIBODIES Produces WHITE BLOOD CELLS Drains excess body fluids Lymph nodes located in neck, groin, and armpit regions Spleen is “largest” lymph organ

10 Basic Life Functions Maintaining Boundaries-Cells and Skin (both)
Movement Responsiveness Digestion Metabolism Excretion Reproduction Growth

11 Survival Needs Nutrients Oxygen Water Body Temperature
Atmospheric Pressure

12 Homeostasis The body WORKING to maintain a constant state. If hot-try to cool, if dehydrated-conserve moisture. Components of a Homeostatic Event Receptor Control Center Effector

13 Homeostatic Imbalance
Most diseases are classified as Homeostatic Imbalance In every chapter, example of homeostatic imbalance will be discussed They are indicated in your text by a RULER BALANCED ON A PYRAMID Find 2 in your book now, give page number and explanation A.________________ B.__________________

14 Anatomical Positioning
THE Anatomical Position ***Please assume this position by your desk*** A person in the anatomical position is standing erect with the head, eyes and toes pointing forward, feet together with arms by the side. The palms of the hands are also point forward. ***Please assume this position by your desk*** ***Please assume this position by your desk***

15 Directional Terms superior/inferior anterior/posterior medial/lateral
dorsal/ventral intermediate proximal/distal superficial/deep Use page 14 to make sketches of each of these in your notes

16 Diagram1 Anterior Torso

17 Diagram 2

18 Diagram3 Leg Landmarks

19 Diagram 4 Arm Landmarks

20 Diagram 5 Torso - Posterior (Body Landmarks)

21 Body Planes and Sections

22 Regions and Quadrants

23 Dorsal Body Cavities

24 Ventral Body Cavity

25 Summary

26 Resource Page Internet Sites

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