Presentation on theme: "A WORD USED IN PLACE OF A NOUN OR ANOTHER PRONOUN"— Presentation transcript:
1 A WORD USED IN PLACE OF A NOUN OR ANOTHER PRONOUN EACHTHEYSHEANYONETHOSEIHISTHISPRONOUNSNONEA WORD USED IN PLACE OF A NOUN OR ANOTHER PRONOUNWHOITHIMSELFYOURS
2 WHAT IS A PRONOUNA pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun, noun phrase or another pronounPronouns can be in one of three cases: Subject, Object, or Possessivereduces repeated use of the full subject or object word
3 TYPES OF PRONOUNSSubject Pronouns - I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they function as the subject of a sentence:I live in New York.Do you like playing tennis?They bought a new car last month.Object Pronouns - me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them serve as the object of a verb.Give me the book.He told you to come tonight.I invited them to a party.
4 Personal Pronouns SINGULAR PLURAL I ME MY, MINE WE US OUR, OURS YOU SUBJECTIVEOBJECTIVEPOSSESSIVE1ST PERSONIMEMY, MINEWEUSOUR, OURS2ND PERSONYOUYOUR, YOURSYOUR,YOURS3RD PERSONHE,SHE,ITHIM, HER, ITHIS, HERHERS,ITSTHEYTHEMTHEIR, THEIRS
5 CHARACTERISTICS Three cases – subject, object, and possessive Personal pronouns have the following characteristics: FIRST OF ALL THERE ARE: Three cases – subject, object, and possessive- The pronoun's form changes with its function in the sentence.Examples:She met Paul. (She is the sentence subject, so it is a subject pronoun)Paul met her. (Her is the sentence direct object, so it is an object pronoun)
6 Subject pronouns are used AFTER these verbs. The exception!BASIC LINKING VERBSAMISAREWASWEREBEBEINGBEENThe exception?Subject pronouns are used AFTER these verbs.SUBJECT PRONOUNI, you, he, she, it, we, you, theyThe best player is she.LINKING VERB
7 Possessive Pronouns Possessive Pronouns If we don't use a noun after the pronoun we use a possessive form. Do not confuse with possessive adjectives.Possessive PronounsPluralmine yours his, hers, itsours yours theirsExamples:Whose car is that? That car is mine.They both used the same recipe for the cake but hers came out better than his.
8 POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES Possessive adjectives - my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their - are often confused with possessive pronouns. The possessive adjective modifies the noun following it in order to show possession.I'll get my books.Is that your car over there?That is his teacher, Mr Jones.I want to go to her store.Its color is red.Can we bring our children?You are welcome to invite your husbands.They bought their children a lot of presents.
9 Demonstrative Pronouns this that these thosesingular singular plural plural(near) (far) (near) (far)Demonstrative pronouns can also be used as determiners (modifier, describer). Example: Hand me that hammer. (that describes the noun hammer) Demonstrative pronouns can also be used as qualifiers: Example: She wanted that much money? (that describes the adjective much)
10 Reflexive Pronouns the "self" pronouns We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence or clause. These pronouns can be used only to echo or intensify a word already there. Reflexive pronouns CANNOT REPLACE personal pronouns. Examples:I saw myself in the mirror.Miriam made herself a cake.Reflexive Pronounsingularmyself yourself himself, herself, itselfpluralourselves yourselves themselvesDo not use these words. This is substandard language.theirselves theirselfhisself ourself
11 INDEFINITE PRONOUNS Singular: everybody one (n)either someone somethinganyoneanythingno onenothingeveryoneeverythingeachsomebodyanybodynobody: Examples Somebody is coming to dinner.Neither of us believes a word Harry says.
12 INDEFINITE PRONOUNS Plural BOTH FEW SEVERAL Examples: Both are expected at the airport at the same time.Several have suggested canceling the meeting.
13 INDEFINITE PRONOUNS Can be Singular or Plural, depending on noun that follows and is closest to the verb.All, Most, None, Some, Any, MoreAll of the people clapped their hands.All of my work is in the drawer.Some of the dirt has become a permanent part of the rug.Some of the trees have been weakened by the storm.
14 INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS Are used to ask a question.What did you say?Which movie would you like to see?WHOWHOSEWHOMWHICHWHAT
15 RELATIVE PRONOUNSRelative pronouns relate to another noun preceding it in the sentence.The candidate will choose who will act as campaign director.WHICHWHOEVERWHOTHATWHOSEWHOMEVER