17 WITNESS OPINIONS Only experts are allowed to state opinions. Before an expert can state an opinion, he or she must first be qualified as an expert.Questions are asked establishing the witness’s training and experience.The opposing side may object if the witness’s and challenge the witness’s expertise.The judge decides if witness is qualified
18 Leading the WitnessOn direct exam, leading questions may NOT be asked.Leading questions usually call for just a yes or no answer.Leading questions MAYbe asked during cross-exam
19 HEARSAYA witness can not testify as to what another person told them or that they heard a third person state.
20 The question or evidence must relate to the case being tried. RELEVANCYThe question or evidence must relate to the case being tried.
21 PREJUDICEThe evidence must not unfairly prejudice the jury against the accused.Ex. Graphic photos of the deceased
22 PRIVILEGED INFO Wife can’t be forced to testify against husband. Priest will not testify against confessorLawyer-client info is confidential
23 Defendant - Unless defense brings it up P. can not CHARACTERDefendant - Unless defense brings it up P. can notattack D’s characterP. Can attack characterof other D. witnesses.
24 NARRATIONA witness is not allowed to tell a long story. Specific questions must be asked to admit the evidence.
25 DISCREDITING A WITNESS Impeaching the WitnessAsk the w. questions so jury will not believe their testimony.
26 REHABILITATE A WITNESS Attorney who called witness will ask q. to salvage their testimony.