2 Restoration – an agent that is effective in replacing the missing tooth structure. Patients may refer to them as fillings. A number of different materials are used in dental restorations, including gold, amalgam, and composite.
3 Overhang – excessive restorative material normally found interproximally near the gingiva. Gold foil – a restoration created when several layers of pure gold are placed in the preparation. A gold foil is not a commonly placed restoration today.
4 Caries (decay) – diseased portion of the tooth Caries (decay) – diseased portion of the tooth. Also referred to as cavities.Incipient – beginning decay that has not broken through the enamel. Appears as a chalky area on the tooth, it is not yet decay, but the surface has begun to decalcify.Recurrent – decay that is occurring in the same place again, either under or around a restoration.
5 Extraction – removal of a tooth or teeth. Drifting – movement of a tooth into a space created by a missing tooth. Drifting can occur opposite or adjacent to the missing tooth.Impaction – a tooth that is unable to erupt into its proper position.
6 Abscess – a localized area of infection. Root canal (endodontic treatment) – when the pulp is removed and replaced with a filling material.Apicoectomy – surgical removal of the root tip and cleaning out the infected area around it.
7 Mobility – When the tooth moves in the socket, normally due to periodontal disease or trauma. Periodontal pocket - the space in the gingival sulcus created by periodontal disease. It is measured by a periodontal probe in millimeters.
8 Crown – a restoration that is cemented onto the tooth and completely covers the crown of the tooth. Often called a cap by the patient but not by the dental professional.Bridge – a prosthetic device placed in the mouth where a tooth is missing, normally attached on each side and covering the space created by the missing tooth.
9 Abutment – a tooth, root, or implant used for the retention of a fixed or removable prosthesis. Pontic – portion of a bridge that replaces the missing tooth.Cantilever bridge – attached on one side only.Maryland bridge – has wings that attach the pontic to the lingual surface of the abutment teeth.
10 Denture – removable prosthesis that replaces the complete arch of a patient’s dentition. Partial denture – removable prosthesis that is constructed when some of the natural teeth are still present. Artificial teeth mounted on a metal framework.