Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Journal #1: How is the integumentary system (skin) like an onion?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Journal #1: How is the integumentary system (skin) like an onion?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Journal #1: How is the integumentary system (skin) like an onion?
Vocabulary Integument Epidermis Dermis Subcutaneous layer Basal Cells Keratin Carotene Melanin Objective: List the components of the integumentary system and their relationship to each other Specify the functions of the integumentary system

2 Ch.5 Integumentary System
Part 1: Layers Pages

3 Components of the Integument
Cutaneous Membrane Epidermis Dermis Accessory Structures Hair, Nails, & Glands Subcutaneous layer Hypodermis Superficial Fascia/connective tissue Function Protection Excretion Maintenance of Homeostasis Synthesis of Vitamin D Storage of Lipids Detection/ Receptors

4 The Epidermis Stratified Squamous Epithelium No Blood vessels
Many Keratinocytes Cells that contain keratin Thin Skin- most surfaces Thick Skin- palms of hands/soles of feet

5 Layers (Strata) of the Epidermis
From Deepest to most Superficial Stratum Germinativum Stratum Spinosum Stratum Granulosum Stratum Lucidum Stratum Corneum

6 Stratum Germinativum Hemidesmosomes attach cells to basal lamina
Form epidermal ridges and dermal papillae Increase surface area Genetically determined patterns are unique Cells Basal or Germinative Cells (stem cells) Merkel Cells (touch receptors) Melanocytes (skin pigmentation)

7 Stratum spinosum “Spiny Layer” of 8-10 rows of keratinocytes
Results from one of the daughter cells from stem cell division being pushed up from the stratum germinativum Langerhans cells Stimulate immune response to microorganisms and cancer

8 Stratum Granulosum “Grainy Layer” of 3-5 layers of keratinocytes
Lots of Keratin (tough protein) & Keratohyaline (promotes dehydration) Thin flat cells with decreased permeability

9 Stratum Lucidum In thick skin of palms and soles only
Clear layer that covers the stratum granulosum Flat, dense, and filled with keratin

10 Stratum corneum Exposed surface of skin
15-30 layers of keratinized (dead) cells Takes days for the cell to move from stratum germinativum to the stratum corneum (2 weeks before it is shed) Water resistant, not waterproof Perspiration

11 Journal #2: Give the layers of the epidermis from the most superficial to the deepest.
Vocabulary 9. UV Radiation 10. Cyanosis 11. Vitamin D 12. Epidermal Growth Factor 13. Papillary Layer 14. Reticular Layer 15. Hypodermis Objective: List the components of the integumentary system and their relationship to each other Specify the functions of the integumentary system

12 Skin Color Pigmentation Dermal Circulation Carotene Melanin
Orange yellow pigment in epidermal cells Can convert to Vitamin A (needed in the growth of epidermal cells) Melanin Brown, yellow, or black pigment Melanocytes produce it in the stratum germinativum and store in vesicles called melanosomes Dark skinned people have larger melanosomes Synthesis increases with UV exposure Dermal Circulation Red tones produced by hemoglobin in RBC’s Cyanosis- blue tone to skin

13 Other Roles of the Epidermis
Steroid Production UV Radiation in epidermal cells in the stratum spinosum and germinativum convert a steroid into cholecalciferol or Vitamin D Helps in bone development and maintenance (Rickets-abnormal bone development due to lack of Vitamin D Epidermal Growth Factor Made by salivary glands and the glands of the duodenum Functions Promotes cell division in stratum germinativum and spinosum Speeds up production of keratin in keratinocytes Stimulates skin repair and development Stimulates activity and secretion in epithelial glands

14 The Dermis Components Papillary Layer Reticular Layer
Areolar tissue with capillaries, lymph, and sensory neurons Reticular Layer Irregular connective tissue w/collagen fibers extending to subcutaneous layer Blood vessels, lymph, and nerve fibers

15 Characteristics of the Dermis
Strength and Elasticity Collagen & elastic fibers Water content Lines of Cleavage (pattern fibers make) Cut parallel will heal with little scarring Cut at a right angle will have greater scarring Blood Supply Arteries to subcutaneous and border reticular layer called cutaneous plexus Innervation Sensory reception Light touch: tactile (Meisners’s) corpuscles Deep pressure & vibration: lamellated (Pacinian) corpuscles


17 Subcutaneous Layer Hypodermis
Stabilizes skin in relation to muscles and other organs Areolar and adipose (baby fat) tissue Venous circulation contains a great amount of blood Subcutaneous injection effective

Download ppt "Journal #1: How is the integumentary system (skin) like an onion?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google