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Name:_______________________ Day:____ Period:____ Trimester: _____

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Presentation on theme: "Name:_______________________ Day:____ Period:____ Trimester: _____"— Presentation transcript:

1 Name:_______________________ Day:____ Period:____ Trimester: _____
NUTRITION Name:_______________________ Day:____ Period:____ Trimester: _____

2 WHAT IS HEALTH? Health is the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well being.

3 WHAT IS NUTRITION? Nutrition is the process by which the body takes in and uses food. Nutrients are substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy. All food is made up of nutrients! There are 6 different nutrients: Carbohydrates Vitamins Proteins Minerals Fats Water

4 NUTRIENTS Carbohydrates: the major source of energy for the body
Simple carbohydrates = simple sugars found in milk, fruit, table sugar, candy Complex carbohydrates = starches found in grains, breads, crackers, pasta TOO much: stored as fat

5 NUTRIENTS Proteins: builds, maintains, and replaces the tissues in your body Your muscles, your organs, and your immune system are made up mostly of protein. eggs, nuts, beans, fish, meat, and milk

6 NUTRIENTS 3. Fats: a source of energy You need some fat in your diet for good health. Too much fat or too much of the wrong type of fat can be unhealthy. oil, butter, nuts, meat, fish, and some dairy products

7 NUTRIENTS 4. Vitamins and 5. Minerals: substances that are found in foods we eat. Your body needs them to work properly, so you grow and develop just like you should. Vitamins: A, D, C, K, B complex Minerals: calcium, iron, potassium, zinc

8 NUTRIENTS 6. Water: involved in ALL body processes, makes up basic part of blood, helps remove waste, cushions joints

9 FOOD GROUPS Choose variety: The best meals have a balance of items from different food groups. Drink fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk and water instead of soda, sports drinks, and other sugary drinks. Avoid oversized portions.

10 FOOD GROUPS 1. Vegetables: provide many of the vitamins and minerals we need for good health. Low in calories, high in fiber. Dark green vegetables: broccoli, spinach, and kale Orange and red vegetables: squash, carrots, and sweet potatoes "eat your colors“

11 FOOD GROUPS 2. Fruits: contain vitamins, minerals, and fiber. whole fruit is the best choice fruit juices = more calories and little to no fiber “eat your colors”

12 FOOD GROUPS 3. Grains: Whole grains (whole-wheat flour) = more nutritious, more fiber Refined grains (white flour) have been processed, removing vitamins, mineral, and fiber. whole-wheat bread, brown rice, oatmeal

13 FOOD GROUPS 4. Protein: choose lean or low-fat options and try to minimize deli meats and other processed meats that are high in sodium beef, poultry, seafood, dry beans and peas, eggs, nuts and seeds, tofu, veggie burgers

14 FOOD GROUPS 5. Dairy: choose fat-free or low-fat dairy products, choose those that are rich in calcium. Calcium is essential for growth and building strong bones and teeth milk, yogurt, cheese, calcium-fortified soy milk

15 NUTRITION Calorie: a measurement of the energy that foods supply to the body Eat more calories than you burn = extra calories stored as fat Empty calorie: calorie from solid fats like butter or sugar. Have no nutritional value. fried chicken vs. baked chicken

16 FOOD LABELS Serving Size: amount of food considered a serving Servings per Container: how many servings are in the container Calories and Calories from Fat Percent Daily Value: shows how much of the recommended amounts of these nutrients are in one serving Ingredients listing: listed by weight, beginning with the ingredient that is most present

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