2 WHAT IS HEALTH?Health is the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well being.
3 WHAT IS NUTRITION?Nutrition is the process by which the body takes in and uses food.Nutrients are substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy. All food is made up of nutrients!There are 6 different nutrients:Carbohydrates VitaminsProteins MineralsFats Water
4 NUTRIENTS Carbohydrates: the major source of energy for the body Simple carbohydrates = simple sugarsfound in milk, fruit, table sugar, candyComplex carbohydrates = starchesfound in grains, breads, crackers, pastaTOO much: stored as fat
5 NUTRIENTSProteins: builds, maintains, and replaces the tissues in your bodyYour muscles, your organs, and your immune system are made up mostly of protein.eggs, nuts, beans, fish, meat, and milk
6 NUTRIENTS3. Fats: a source of energy You need some fat in your diet for good health. Too much fat or too much of the wrong type of fat can be unhealthy. oil, butter, nuts, meat, fish, and some dairy products
7 NUTRIENTS4. Vitamins and 5. Minerals: substances that are found in foods we eat. Your body needs them to work properly, so you grow and develop just like you should. Vitamins: A, D, C, K, B complex Minerals: calcium, iron, potassium, zinc
8 NUTRIENTS6. Water: involved in ALL body processes, makes up basic part of blood, helps remove waste, cushions joints
9 FOOD GROUPSChoose variety: The best meals have a balance of items from different food groups.Drink fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk and water instead of soda, sports drinks, and other sugary drinks.Avoid oversized portions.
10 FOOD GROUPS1. Vegetables: provide many of the vitamins and minerals we need for good health. Low in calories, high in fiber. Dark green vegetables: broccoli, spinach, and kale Orange and red vegetables: squash, carrots, and sweet potatoes "eat your colors“
11 FOOD GROUPS2. Fruits: contain vitamins, minerals, and fiber. whole fruit is the best choice fruit juices = more calories and little to no fiber “eat your colors”
12 FOOD GROUPS3. Grains: Whole grains (whole-wheat flour) = more nutritious, more fiber Refined grains (white flour) have been processed, removing vitamins, mineral, and fiber. whole-wheat bread, brown rice, oatmeal
13 FOOD GROUPS4. Protein: choose lean or low-fat options and try to minimize deli meats and other processed meats that are high in sodium beef, poultry, seafood, dry beans and peas, eggs, nuts and seeds, tofu, veggie burgers
14 FOOD GROUPS5. Dairy: choose fat-free or low-fat dairy products, choose those that are rich in calcium. Calcium is essential for growth and building strong bones and teeth milk, yogurt, cheese, calcium-fortified soy milk
15 NUTRITIONCalorie: a measurement of the energy that foods supply to the body Eat more calories than you burn = extra calories stored as fat Empty calorie: calorie from solid fats like butter or sugar. Have no nutritional value. fried chicken vs. baked chicken
16 FOOD LABELSServing Size: amount of food considered a serving Servings per Container: how many servings are in the container Calories and Calories from Fat Percent Daily Value: shows how much of the recommended amounts of these nutrients are in one serving Ingredients listing: listed by weight, beginning with the ingredient that is most present