Presentation on theme: "LITERATURE CIRCLES Story Elements. PROTAGONIST The central character of a story Physical description Personality How they react to situations."— Presentation transcript:
PROTAGONIST The central character of a story Physical description Personality How they react to situations What they say in dialogue Their emotions
ANTAGONIST The character or force against which the protagonist struggles Physical description Personality How they react to situations What they say in dialogue Their emotions NOTE: Even if the antagonist is not a person, describe how the antagonist affects the protagonist.
SETTING When and where the story takes place Physical location Time period Weather Time span
THEME The story’s main ideas—the “message” that the author intends to communicate by telling the story. Themes are often universal truths that are suggested by the specifics in the story.
PLOT (STORY MAP) The series of events that happen in a literary work Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution
ELEMENTS OF PLOT Exposition: Beginning of the story Rising Action: The part of the story in which the tension increases Climax: The moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict Falling Action: The part of the story, following the climax and leading to the resolution in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension. Resolution: The conclusion of the story.
CHARACTERIZATION Direct Characterization: When an author tells the reader directly about a character. Indirect Characterization: When the author shows the character in action and lets the reader draw their own conclusions.
TYPES OF CHARACTERS Static Character: a character who changes little or not at all throughout the story Dynamic Character: a character who is changed by the actions and experiences in the story
CONFLICT The central force of tension and drama in the story Internal: within a character’s mind External: forces battling outside a character
CATEGORIES OF CONFLICT Character vs. Character (E) Character vs. Self (I) Character vs. Nature (E) Character vs. Society (I)