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What parts make up a a story? ges/literary_elements.ppt.

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2 What parts make up a a story? ges/literary_elements.ppt

3 In a traditional plot structure, there are stages. The stages of plot usually happen in this order: 1. In the ___________, the author introduces the characters, setting, and conflict. and also reveals the story’s. 2. The ___________ is the part of the story where the conflicts gets complicated. 3. The ___________ is the tension builds to the highest point 4. The _____________ is the part of the story where the suspense lessens. 5. The _______________ is the part of the story where the outcome is revealed. Do Now: Complete the blanks.

4  Plot  Setting  Characters  Conflict  Theme What are important story elements?

5 something happens to someone somewhere

6 Diagram of Plot Exposition Development/ Rising Action Climax Falling action Resolution

7  Exposition – author’s intro of setting, protagonist, and their conflict(opening situation)  Rising action- the problem becomes more complicated  Climax- highest point of interest or suspense of story  Falling action- suspense is eased  Resolution- main conflict is resolved. Parts of a Plot

8  Suspense- excitement or tension  Foreshadowing- hint or clue about what will happen in story  Flashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past  Irony- an outcome that reader does not expect Special Techniques of Plot

9 Elements of Character

10  Physical appearance of character  Personality  Background/personal history  Motivation  Relationships  Conflict  Change How do we analyze Characters?

11  Major characters  Minor characters  Round characters  Flat characters Types of Characters

12  A  A writer reveals what a character is like and how the character changes throughout the story.  Two  Two primary methods of characterization: Direct- Direct- tells what the character is like Indirect- Indirect- shows what a character is like using Speech Speech Thoughts Effects Effects on other Actions Looks What is Characterization?

13 Direct Characterization And then Edward stepped out from the trees, his skin faintly glowing, his eyes black and dangerous. He held up one hand and beckoned me to come to him. The wolf growled at my feet. I took a step forward, toward Edward. He smiled then, and his teeth were sharp, pointed. From Twilight by Stephanie Meyers

14 Indirect Characterization No one is staring at you. I promise myself. No one is staring at you. No one is staring at you. From Breaking Dawn by Stephanie Meyer

15 Details that describe: Furniture Furniture Scenery Scenery Customs Customs Transportation Transportation Clothing Clothing Dialects Dialects Weather Weather Time Time of day of year SettingSetting

16 .  To create a mood or atmosphere  To show a reader a different way of life  To make action seem more real  To be the source of conflict or struggle  To symbolize an idea The Functions of a Setting

17 Set their characters in a “world” with a particular location in place, time and culture.. Physical Setting: include all of the places where the action takes place. i.e. geography, the climate, and the physical objects. Temporal Setting: time in history, time of year, and time of day. impacts character motivation and action. Setting

18 Cultural Setting: patterns of behavior and beliefs that dominate the society in which the characters live. i.e. Family relationships, moral values, political systems, class structures, gender roles and race relations are all part of the cultural environment. More on Setting

19  Conflict  Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces  Every  Every plot must contain some kind of conflict  Stories  Stories can have more than one conflict  Conflicts  Conflicts can be external or internal External External conflict- conflict- outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacle Internal Internal conflict- conflict- takes place in a character’s mind Conflict

20  A central message, concern, or insight into life expressed through a literary work  Can be expressed by one or two sentence statement about human beings or about life  May be stated directly or implied  Interpretation uncovers the theme Theme

21 Example of Theme “Every man needs to feel allegiance to his native country, whether he always appreciates that country or not.” From “A Man Without a Country” by Edward Hale pg. 185 in Prentice Hall Literature book

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