2 What are literary terms? Building blocks/structure of a story, novel, play, etc.Create a clearer picture for readers if they understand the termsHelp the reader to understand purpose/intent/message the author is attempting to convey
3 CharacterizationSpeech: What does the character say? How does the character speak?Thoughts: What is revealed through the character’s private thoughts and feelings?Effect on others: What is revealed through the character’s effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?Actions: What does the character do? How does the character behave?Looks: What does the character look like? How does the character dress?
4 Types of CharactersProtagonist: Main character in the storyAntagonist: Person, group, or institution working against the main characterFoil: A character who provides a contrast to the protagonist.
5 SettingThe time (time period, time of day) and location in which a story occursOften has a profound effect on how the reader interacts with the characters and plot line.
6 Conflict A struggle between forces (externally or internally) Man v. manMan v. natureMan v. selfMan v. societyMan v. machineMan v. fate/destiny/God
7 ForeshadowingSuggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will happen next.
8 FlashbackAn interruption of current events to provide background on an earlier occurrence that happened prior to the in progress narration.insight into a character's motivation and or background to a conflictAccomplished through narration, dream sequences, and memories
9 Imagery The picture the author paints for the reader. Sensory experience forthe reader.HearTasteSmellTouchSee
10 ThemeA central idea or statement that unifies and controls an entire literary workMay be moralistic (a lesson to be learned)allows the reader to understand part of the author’s purpose in writingMust use characters, plot lines, and other literary techniques to determine theme
11 SymbolA word, place, character, or object that stands for an idea.
12 Point of ViewThe position of the narrator in relation to the story, as indicated by the narrator's outlook from which the events are depicted and by the attitude toward the characters.
13 Types of POV 1st person a character in the story tells the story uses of the pronoun "I" or "me" or "my.“the character may not know all the facts, may be lying, or may be fooling himself.3rd person omniscientthe thoughts of every character are open to the reader (all knowing)3rd person limitedthe reader enters only one character's mind through the author’s voice
14 Figurative Language Simile Metaphor makes a comparison between two otherwise unalike objects or ideas by connecting them with the words "like" or "as."SimileComparison without using the words “like” or “as.”Metaphor
15 Figurative Language: Irony a speaker makes a statement in which its actual meaning differs sharply from the meaning that the words expressedUsually sarcasticVerbalaccidental events occur that seem oddly appropriateSituationalinvolves a situation in a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that the character does not knowDramatic
16 Figurative Language: Personification Animals, ideas or non-living objects are given human characteristicsMakes it easier to visualize actions of the objects.Nature smiles down on us.The angry winds blew.The unrelenting weatherdealt us another blow.The table has legs
17 MoodThe emotional feeling the reader gets from the setting and character descriptionThe atmosphere
19 Plot Line DefinitionsExposition: provides the background information needed to understand the story.Rising Action: series of events that build up and create tension and suspense.Climax: point of highest tension or drama or when the action starts in which the solution is given.Falling Action: the point after the climax where the action begins to drop off and the events of the plot become clear or are explained in some wayResolution: tying up the loose ends, the problem has been resolved one way or another.