Geography Rwanda is a landlocked country It is located in eastern Africa Most densely populated country in Africa
Religion(approx.) 75% Christian 25% traditional religions 1-2% Muslim
People of Rwanda Hutu (~80% of population) Were traditionally farmers in Rwandan society Tutsi (~20%) Were traditionally cattle farmers. Because cattle were a measure of wealth, this made the Tutsis a kind of upper class.
An Important Note about these groups…. These titles/groups were based on occupation, not ethnicity Hutus and Tutsis speak the same language, share the same culture Intermarriage occurred Originally, People could go from being a Hutu to being a Tutsi (or vice versa) by simply changing their occupation.
1919-1962 During these 40 yrs, the Belgians created a strict class system. Tutsis became upper classthey were given better education, better jobs, and power in govt Hutus were not treated as well as the Tutsis This caused feelings of resentment
The Belgian colonial government issued ID cards to Rwandans that identified them as either Hutu or Tutsi
1962 Belgium granted independence to Rwanda Before Belgium left, they turned over their power to the Hutus. The Hutus used their power to seek revenge on the Tutsis for their years of lower class status. Every problem in Rwanda was blamed on the Tutsis
1990-93 Tensions between Hutus and Tutsis continue to flare up
1993 Rwandas president (a Hutu) agrees to share some government power with Tutsis Hutus begin rioting in protest
April, 1994 Rwandas president is killed when his plane is shot down Violence immediately erupts in the capital city of Kigali
April-July, 1994 A planned attack Lists of Names Radio Broadcast
April-July 1994 An estimated 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus are killed in approx. 100 days. Weapon of choice=machete Genocide or Civil War???