Presentation on theme: " The US court system is an adversarial system. This means that the trial is a contest between two sides. The judge makes rulings on the law and manages."— Presentation transcript:
The US court system is an adversarial system. This means that the trial is a contest between two sides. The judge makes rulings on the law and manages the trial.
Many countries use this system. Judge questions the witness Judge orders witness to appear Judges conduct searches
A body of men and women selected to hear and examine certain facts and determine the truth. The 6 th Amendment requires that all criminal trials at both the state and federal level have juries. Although, many cases never get to trial because the accused plea bargains.
Voir Dire – Screening process in which opposing lawyers question prospective jurors to ensure as favorable or as fair a jury as possible.
Peremptory challenges – Attorneys may dismiss a certain number of possible jurors with giving any reason. (Cannot be based on race) Removal for cause –After voir dire, attorneys may request removal of any juror who does not who does not appear capable of rendering a fair and impartial verdict.
They both Listen to testimony Consider evidence Decide the facts
Federal Courts hear cases that involve a plaintiff and defendant from different states and when the amount in question is more than $75,000.
In appeals court, only argument from attorneys are heard. Not everyone is eligible for appeals court. They occur when there has been an error in law.
When the highest court in the state issues a decision the precedent must be followed by all courts underneath.
The US Supreme Court hears cases by granting petitions of certiorari. The hear very few cases that they are asked to review. If they decide to hear a case, the attorneys submit written briefs and make oral arguments.
There are 9 supreme court justices. They are appointed by the president and approved by the Senate. One is chosen as the Chief Justice. Dissenting Opinion* Concurring Opinion* Majority Opinion*