7 Important Advancements Printing PressHelped develop…1. Increase in literacy rates2. Secular (World) ideas spread3. Books are circulated to publicEx. Shakespeare’s sonnets
8 The ChurchMany of the new ideas and enlightened thinkers during the Renaissance period challenged the authority of the Church.
9 Protestant Reformation Martin Luther – A German MonkChallenges the practices of the Roman Catholic ChurchWrote the 95 Theses to criticize indulgences.Believed the Bible should be the authority of the church.Believed people are right with God through faith – not works.
10 Protestant Ideas Spread Martin Luther rejects the pope’s authorityAs a result, Protestant sects spread throughout EuropeKing Henry VIII of England breaks away from the Catholic Church
11 Response-The Roman Catholic Church threatened Luther to take back his ideas and criticism of the Church.The Church also challenged several other enlightened thinkers.
12 Scientific Revolution Galileo Galilei was threatened to be killed by the Church if he did not take back his discoveries. Age old beliefs, like the earth being the center of the universe, were proven wrong through inventions like the telescope.