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Published byKimberly Pierce
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KINGDOMS AND CLASSIFICATION pp. 337-350
TAXONOMY naming and grouping organisms according to characteristics and evolutionary history TAXON a group within the system
Levels Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
TWO GROUPS Prokaryotes (P) Eukaryotes (E) Two groups broken into three domains based on comparison of rRNA sequences
Domain Bacteria (P) Domain Archaea (P) Domain Eukarya (E) 3 DOMAINS MADE OF 6 KINGDOMS
6 KINGDOMS OF CLASSIFICATION (pg 349)
KINGDOM EUBACTERIA -unicellular prokaryotes -true bacteria
KINGDOM ARCHEABACTERIA -unicellular prokaryotes -chemosynthetic - extremophiles
KINGDOM PROTISTA -heterotrophic/autotrophic eukaryotes -unicellular or multicellular (kelp)
KINGDOM FUNGI -Heterotrophic eukaryotes -Absorb nutrients from surroundings EX. Yeast, mold and mushrooms, athlete’s foot
KINGDOM PLANTAE - Multicellular eukaryotic plants - Mostly autotrophic and photosynthetic EX. Mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants
KINGDOM ANIMALIA -Eukaryotic -All multicellular -Heterotrophic
SYSTEMATICS Classify organisms based on natural traits Uses similarities in appearance, embryos, chromosomes, proteins, and molecular molecules (DNA & RNA)
PHYLOGENETICS Based on evolutionary history Common ancestors
Uses chromosomes and molecular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins
CLADISTICS Uses shared or derived characteristics unique to a taxon/group (I.E. feathers unique to birds)
Homework Worksheet with cladiogram Cover page
Chapter 17: Classification
Georgia Performance Standards:
The Tree of Life Chapter 26 2 Why classify organisms? 1.Order and organization 2.Common names confusing Ex. Jellyfish, starfish, etc. 3.Common names.
Classification. Classification of Living Organisms Identified by traits Organize life’s diversity – Over 1.7 million species on Earth Taxonomy Naming.
Ch 18- Classification Why do biologists organize living organisms into groups that have biological meaning? Study the diversity of life Use classification.
By Bryan Hoynak, Chris Kazem, And Kameron Parvaneh.
Classification of Organisms
ANIMALIA. kingdom of multicellular eukaryotic heterotrophs whose cells do not have cell walls.
Introduction to Phylogeny With some review of taxonomy…
Modern Evolutionary Classification
Taxonomy SC.912.L.15.6 Discuss distinguishing characteristics of the domains and kingdoms of living organisms. To the Teacher: Source:
Classification Ch. 18 (Part 2). The Domain System Molecular analyses have given rise to the new larger category called the Domain. The three-domain system.
Differences and Similarities Why do we put that there?
Classification Chapter Taxonomy Process of classifying organisms and giving each a universally accepted name Process of classifying organisms.
March 3 rd, 2010 Warm Up Open to ch. 17 to follow along with lecture Today Review Ch. 17 Lab Homework Study for Ch. 17 exam on Friday.
Classification Ch. 17. (17-1) Biodiversity Variety of organisms at all levels Taxonomy: branch of Bio that names & groups organisms by their characteristics.
Learning Target #3 Who is known as the “Father of Taxonomy”?
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