Presentation on theme: "Impact of WWII Impact SS6H7b. Explain the impact of WWII in terms of the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the rise of Superpowers."— Presentation transcript:
1 Impact of WWIIImpactSS6H7b. Explain the impact of WWII in terms of the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the rise of Superpowers.
2 E.Q.How did WWII impact the world in terms of the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the rise of Superpowers?
3 Holocaust Key Facts Holocaust: systematic killing of 6 million Jews Key person: Adolph HitlerTime period: WWIIGenocide: planned killing of a race of peopleHow:1. identified Jews with yellow star2. took away rights/freedoms3. gathered/imprisoned Jews in ghettos4. shipped Jews to concentration camps
4 Concentration Camps Left Old, weak, young Sent to “showers” Gassed to deathcrematedRightWorkersSent to showersHeads shavedGiven prison clothesTattooed with numberWorked to death
5 Not Just Jews Killed Political prisoners Mentally ill Disabled Gypsies, Poles, and othersHelene Gotthold, a Jehovah's Witness, was beheaded for her religious beliefs on December 8, 1944, in Berlin. She is pictured with her children. Germany, June 25, 1936.
6 After Survivors – no homes left United Nations divided Palestine into Arab and Jewish “states” (countries)Israel became a Jewish nation
7 Page169 CRCT Test Prep#435. What is genocide? The planned killing of a race of people #436. Who created the country of Israel? United Nations #437. Who was spared in the Holocaust? None of the above #438. What actions did the United Nations take as a result of the Holocaust? Created a Jewish state and made genocide a crime
8 Cold War Key Facts When: end of WWII – 1945 What: period of distrust and misunderstandingWho: between Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) & U.S.A. (and former allies)Why: Soviet Union was communist/command (strong central government controls businesses). U.S.A. believed businesses should be privately owned.
10 Eastern Bloc vs. Western Bloc Eastern (red)Western (blue)Soviet UnionMost eastern European countriesU.S.A.Most western European countriesIRON CURTAIN
11 Germany Divided after WWII into 4 parts 1948: divided into West Germany (free) and East Germany (Soviet controlled)Capital – Berlin – divided into East Berlin and West Berlin1961: Berlin Wall built to separate city
12 Fears Each side believed the other wanted to rule the world. People feared a nuclear war would happen.Countries formed alliances for protection.1949Western Bloc plus Canada formed North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)Eastern Bloc formed Warsaw Pact
13 CRCT Test Prep page 170439. Which country was the leader of the Eastern Bloc? Soviet Union 440. What 2 terms describe the dividing line between eastern & western, communist & noncommunist areas? Berlin Wall & Iron Curtain 441. Which was 1 of the areas of disagreement between the U.S.S.R. & the U.S. during the Cold War? Best type of economic system 442. When was the Cold War? After WWII 443. The Warsaw Pact was to the U.S.S.R. as NATO was to the U.S.
14 Rise of the Superpowers Soviet UnionU.S.A.Communist, CommandPermanent seat on U.N. Security CouncilLargest country in the worldMilitary and space technologyWorld-wide spy network (KGB)One of largest stockpiles of nukes in worldInfluenced world eventsConstitutional Republic, Free marketPermanent seat on U.N. Security Council4th most populated country in worldPowerful military support from NATOLargest navy in worldMilitary bases all over worldCIA (spies)Large reserve of nukesInfluenced world events
15 CRCT Test Prep page 171444. As a world superpower, the U.S.S.R. had A seat on the UN Security Council 445. As a world superpower, the U.S. had Military bases all over the world 446. Which condition is required to be a world superpower? Influence over world events
16 Collapse of the Soviet Union Problem: Soviet Union spent $$$$$$$Putting down revolts in its countriesprotecting its borderskeeping up with the arms race against the U.S.A
17 Collapse of the Soviet Union 1985Resultimproved relations with U.S.A.inspired other Eastern Bloc countries to demand freedomleader Mikhail Gorbachevreduced government control of businessincreased freedom for citizens
18 German Reunification Nov 1989: Berlin Wall torn down Germany began to reunifyGermany was 1 country again in 1990Cold War was overSoviet republics gained freedom from Soviet Union.Many new countries were made. Russia is the largest.
19 CRCT Test Prep pages 172447. Why did Gorbachev reduce government control of the economy? An unstable economy due to increased military spending 448. What marked the end of the Cold War? Destruction of the Berlin Wall 449. What was the largest country created from the former Soviet Union? Russia