Parties & Party Systems Political Party – Group of people with broad common interests Political Party – Group of people with broad common interests Parties organize to: Parties organize to: Win elections Win elections Control government Control government Influence government policies Influence government policies
One Party Systems In one party systems, the party is the government In one party systems, the party is the government Party leaders set government policy Party leaders set government policy Differences arise only within the one party because the government does not allow for political opposition Differences arise only within the one party because the government does not allow for political opposition Usually authoritarian governments Usually authoritarian governments Power through force Power through force Theocracy
Multi Party Systems Most common political system Most common political system Voters have a wide range of choices during elections Voters have a wide range of choices during elections Parties must combine and form coalitions in order to govern Parties must combine and form coalitions in order to govern Coalitions may break down when disputes arise Coalitions may break down when disputes arise These nations are often politically unstable These nations are often politically unstable
Two Party Systems The United States The United States Republican Republican Democratic Democratic About a dozen nations worldwide have two- party systems About a dozen nations worldwide have two- party systems Both parties compete for power Both parties compete for power Minor parties still exist Minor parties still exist Can you name any? Can you name any?
Minor Parties Often called “third parties” Often called “third parties” Anti-Mason Anti-Mason Liberty Liberty Free Soil Free Soil Know-Nothings Know-Nothings Constitutional Union Constitutional Union Southern Democrats Southern Democrats Prohibition Prohibition Liberal Republican Liberal Republican Greenback Greenback Socialist Labor Socialist Labor Populist Populist National Democrat National Democrat Socialist Socialist Bull Moose Progressive Bull Moose Progressive La Follette Progressive La Follette Progressive Communist Communist Union Union Socialist Workers Socialist Workers States’ Rights Democratic States’ Rights Democratic Henry Wallace Progressive Henry Wallace Progressive Workers World Workers World George Wallace American Independent George Wallace American Independent Libertarian Libertarian People’s People’s U.S. Labor U.S. Labor Citizen’s Citizen’s National Unity National Unity New Alliance New Alliance Reform Reform Natural Law Natural Law Constitution Constitution Green Green Tea Party Tea Party
Impact & Obstacles of Third Parties ImpactObstacles Sway Presidential Elections Difficulty getting on the ballot in all states Promote unpopular ideas Single member districts Reform in 1992 Financial difficulties Minimum Wage Mostly regional parties Emancipation